• Background

    The US Auto/Steel Partnership 2011 report “Impact Sliding Wear Tests on Duplex-Treated Die Materials” describes an impact sliding rig developed by the University of Windsor, Ontario, in which a pneumatic actuator is used to drive a ball against an inclined sample plate, mounted at an angle on a pivot arm and pre-loaded against a stop, by a compression spring. The ball impacts the plate, which deflects through a pre-set angle, causing a wear track to be formed.

    With the resisting force set by compression spring, the only way to adjust the spring rate, in order to produce a different load-displacement characteristic, is to change the spring.


    In the TE 43 Impact Test Rig the compression spring is replaced with a torsion bar. The spring rate of the torsion bar is varied by adjusting its effective length, by varying the clamping position. The torsion bar is connected to a torque transducer, allowing the impact forces to be sensed. A manually adjusted worm gear-box is used for winding torque into the torsion bar and a linear slide is provided for adjusting the effective length.

    The impact motion is generated by a small hydraulic cylinder of the type used in punching applications. The associated hydraulic controls allow adjustment of the impact velocity.

    The test sample is pre-loaded against a stop, at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal. The cylinder stroke length, which governs the amount of rotation of the pivot arm, after impact, is also set with a mechanical stop.

    The length of the wear scar generated depends on the amount of rotation produced. With the geometry of this machine, a rotation of approximately 6.5 degrees generates a wear scar of approximately 2.5 mm. The maximum practical scar length is 4 mm.

    As the pivot arm rotates, after initial impact, the resisting force increases. The rotation of the specimen is sensed with an encoder and the torque on the torsion bar measured.
    An inbuilt USB endoscope allows the wear scar to be observed, either continuously, or with periodic image capture, allowing analysis of the morphology of the contact, as impacts are accumulated.

    In situ endoscope image

    Post-test wear scar images at 1500 and 3000 impacts

    Manually Adjusted Parameters

    Torsional Spring Rate: By adjusting torsion rod length
    Pre-load: By rotating transducer
    Total Impact Displacement: By setting actuator mechanical stop
    Impact Velocity: By adjusting flow control valve

    Controlled Parameters

    Actuator Impact Trigger: Solenoid valve
    Actuator Withdrawal: Solenoid valve
    Image Capture: USB endoscope

    Measured Parameters

    Torque: Transducer
    Pivot Rotation: Encoder

  • Technical Specifications

    Contact Geometry:Ball on inclined disc
    Ball Diameter:10 mm
    Disc Diameter:22 mm
    Disc Thickness:5.5 mm
    Wear Scars per Disc:6
    Load Range:0 to 2000 N
    Impact Duration:0.05 to 0.5 seconds
    Impact Rotation:0 to 7.5 degrees
    Maximum Wear Scar Length @ 7.5 degrees2.9 mm + scar width
    Manually Adjusted ParametersTorsional Spring Rate
    Total Impact Displacement
    Impact Velocity
    Controlled ParametersActuator Impact Trigger
    Actuator Withdrawal
    Number of Impacts
    Periodic Image Capture
    Recorded ParametersImpact Torque
    Pivot Rotation
    Electricity:220/240 V, single phase, 50/60 Hz, 1.5 kW

  • Applications

    impact sliding

  • Publications

  • User List

    Launched 2022

    Oerlikon Balzers Liechtenstein

  • Download the Machine Leaflet