• Description

    The TE 47 Three Station Ring/Liner Tribometer allows three idealised piston ring samples to be run against an unmodified cylinder liner. The key difference between this device and more conventional reciprocating tribometers is that instead of running up and down the liner, the samples are run around the internal circumference of the liner in either continuous rotation, allowing high sliding speeds to be achieved, or oscillating motion.
    A complete (unmodified) cylinder liner sample is attached by means of an expanding collet to the test spindle. The lower end of the liner sample is supported by a steady bearing carried on a secondary cross-head. A spline shaft assembly, which mounts on the main cross-head, carries a ring sample carousel. The carousel is free to slide axially on, while its rotation is resisted by, the spline.

    Large diameter liner in place

    The ring sample carousel has three locations for mounting ring samples, arranged on the same track level and at 120 degree intervals. Each ring sample is carried in a lever arm with a pivot point at one the upper end and a roller bearing at the lower, the latter engaging with a 45 degree cone, mounted on a spline shaft.

    Ring carousel – small diameter liner

    Ring carousel – large diameter liner

    Ring carousel

    The top of the assembly is loaded against a fixed bearing located in the expanding liner collet. The spline shaft is free to slide through the carousel assembly under axial load, forcing the cone against the lever arm bearings. Axial load on the carousel thus gives rise to equal radial load between the three ring samples and the liner, with a defined mechanical advantage.
    The ring samples, which provide a straight line contact equivalent to a ring of infinite diameter, are carried in two dimensional spherical seats, allowing self-aligning action.
    Tooling is custom designed to match the diameter of the liner specified by the user. The maximum permissible speed depends on the mass and inertia of the liner.

    Loading System

    Load is applied to the main cross-head servo controlled pneumatic bellows actuator assembly which includes an in-line force transducer for measurement and feedback control of load.


    The rotating cylinder liner is free to rotate within a heated enclosure. The heat source is PID controlled infra-red ceramic heating elements, with a pyrometer for measuring the outside surface temperature of the liner. Separate locations are provided for measuring the temperature of each ring sample.

    Oil Feed and Drain

    The carousel incorporates means for delivering lubricant, via hypodermic tubes, to each ring sample. A gallery is provided at the bottom of the spline shaft to collect discharged oil either for delivery to waste or for re-circulation.

    Torque Measurement

    The spline shaft assembly is dynamometer mounted in bearings with rotation resisted by a single force transducer, providing measurement of the combined torque generated by the three frictional contacts.

    Positioning Cylinders

    Pneumatic cylinders are provided for raising the main cross-head to insert the ring sample carousel assembly into the liner. Once in position, load bellows is put in position, specimen load is applied and the cylinders are disengaged from the cross-head.

    Control and Data Acquisition

    Control and data acquisition are implemented via host PC running COMPEND 2020 Windows compatible software, in conjunction with a Phoenix Tribology USB micro-controller interface.
    Automatic control is implemented via user programmable test sequences. Manual control is implemented using on screen toggles. Data is stored to hard disc in either .csv or .tsv file formats.

  • Technical Specifications

    Base Machine
    Rotational Speed: 2 to 2,000 rpm
    Motor: 4 kW ac @ 1500 rpm
    50% overload available for 30 seconds
    Loading System: Pneumatic bellows
    Load Force: Strain gauge transducer x 1
    Friction Torque: Strain gauge transducer x 1
    Maximum liner temperature: 250°C
    Temperature Sensors: Optical pyrometer x 1
    k-type thermocouple x 3
    Interface: Serial Link Interface Module
    HSD High Speed Data Acquisition Card
    Software: COMPEND 2000
    Small Liner Example
    Typical Ring Sample:
    Contact width: 10 mm
    Specimen thickness: 3 mm
    Contact crown radius: 25 mm
    Typical Cylinder Liner:
    Internal diameter: 83 mm
    External diameter: 90 mm
    Length: 130 mm
    Maximum Sample Load: 500 N
    Maximum Rotational Speed: 2,000 rpm
    Oscillating Motion: +/-10 degrees at 25 Hz
    +/-15 degrees at 20 Hz
    +/-20 degrees at 18 Hz
    +/-25 degrees at 15 Hz
    +/-35 degrees at 10 Hz
    +/-45 degrees at 8 Hz
    Large Liner Example
    Typical Ring Sample:
    Contact width: 20 mm
    Specimen thickness: 4 mm
    Contact crown radius: 50 mm
    Typical Cylinder Liner:
    Internal diameter: 170 mm
    External diameter: 193 mm
    Length: 370 mm
    Maximum Sample Load: 750 N
    Maximum Rotational Speed: 1,500 rpm
    Oscillating Motion: +/-10 degrees at 5 Hz
    +/-15 degrees at 4 Hz
    +/-20 degrees at 3 Hz
    +/-25 degrees at 2 Hz
    Controlled Parameters Rotational Speed
    Test Duration
    Recorded Parameters Rotational Speed
    Friction Torque
    Number of Revolutions
    Test Duration
    Sliding Speed
    Friction Coefficient
    Sliding Distance
    Electricity: 380/415 V, three phase, 50/60 Hz, with neutral and earth, 7.5 kW
    Clean, dry air: 4 cfm at 8 bar (120 psi)
    Floor-standing machine: 900 mm x 600 mm deep x 2000 mm high, 250 kg
    Floor-standing cabinet: 600 mm x 600 mm x 1800 mm high, 150 kg
    Packing Specifications: 2.2 m3, GW 550 kg, NW 400 kg

  • Overview Videos

  • Download the Machine Leaflet