The TE 77 High Frequency Friction Machine is a versatile reciprocating tribometer with a maximum stroke of 25 mm and maximum load of 1,000 N. It is now a well-established research and development tool for evaluation of lubricants, materials, coatings and surface treatments. With the TE 77, sliding contact conditions can be matched to a number of machine elements. Specimens may either be of a standard format, or cut from real components, preserving surface finish and other properties.
The TE 77 was used for the inter laboratory tests for the development of ASTM G 133 “Standard Test Method for Linearly Reciprocating Ball on Flat Sliding Wear”, which addresses the dry and lubricated wear of ceramics, metals and ceramic composites and also for ASTM G 181 “Standard Practice for Conducting Friction Tests of Piston Ring and Cylinder Liner Materials Under Lubricated Conditions”.
Although not included in the inter laboratory test programs, the TE 77, in conjunction with selected adapters, can also accommodate tests specimens and provide test conditions as specified in the following standards:
ASTM D 5706 “Standard Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease Using a High Frequency Linear-Oscillating Test Machine”
ASTM D 5707 “Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Lubricating Grease Using a High Frequency Linear-Oscillating Test Machine”
ISO/DIN 12156-2 “Diesel Fuel Lubricity – Performance Requirement Test Method for Assessing Fuel Lubricity”
ASTM D 6079 “Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)”
A large body of technical publications from existing users provides information on a wide range of non-standard research and development test procedures.
TE 77 High Frequency Friction Machine is supplied with its own floor standing bench and with integral control unit incorporating a SUPERSLIM Serial Link Interface Module, which is connected to a host PC with COMPEND 2000 sequence control and data acquisition software installed. The system provides sequence control of load, frequency and temperature plus data acquisition of measured parameters, at both low and high speed.
The moving specimen is mounted in a carrier. A number of different geometries can be accommodated by using a range of simple clamping fixtures.
6 mm ball carrier in standard sleeve
10 mm ball carrier
6 mm diameter line contact tooling
The stroke length is altered manually by adjusting splined eccentric cams on an splined eccentric shaft. Two fixed cams are provided as standard allowing strokes to be set from 0 to 12.5 mm and 12.5 mm to 25 mm, with a total of eleven discrete positions per cam. A continuously variable double cam arrangement is included, which allows continuous variation of the stroke in the range 0 to 12.5 mm.
The fixed specimen is located in a stainless steel reservoir. The reservoir is clamped to a block that is heated by four electrical resistance elements and the temperature is monitored by a thermocouple pressed against the side of the specimen or holder. The reservoir can be moved sideways on the heater block so that multiple tests can be performed on one fixed specimen.
The piezo electric transducer used to measure the friction force has a sensitivity of typically 43.5 pC/N and the output range is set to match expected friction levels in the contact. The maximum friction level is +/- 500 N.
A charge amplifier converts the measured force to a proportional voltage. This is followed by a low pass filter, which fixes the upper cut off frequency of the measuring system. This serves to suppress transducer resonance. Final scaling of the signal for voltage output takes place in a second stage amplifier.
During higher frequency (>1Hz) operation, the charge amplifier is operated a.c. coupled. This eliminates the effects of d.c. signal drift over long time periods. The signal is passed though a true rms/dc converter amplifier and the final output is the true mean friction force. The instantaneous friction signal may also be logged in bursts using the integral high speed data acquisition interface.
For low frequency sliding (<1Hz), stick-slip, single pass sliding, work with the Energy Pulse Slide/Roll Adapter and also for calibration of the transducer, the charge amplifier is operated in Quasi-static d.c. coupled mode. This gives signal decay times of up to 100,000s, sufficiently long when compared to typical measurement time scales for the zero not to have moved significantly during the measurement.
Electrical Contact Resistance Measurement
The moving specimen carrier is electrically isolated from the drive shaft and therefore from the fixed specimen. This allows a millivolt potential to be applied across the contact using a Lunn-Furey Electrical Contact Resistance Circuit. The voltage signal is taken to a true rms/dc converter amplifier to give a time-smoothed average of the contact potential.
Variations in this voltage are indicative of the level of metallic contact, provided that both test specimens are conductors of electricity. This measurement may be used for observing the formation of chemical films from anti-wear and extreme pressure lubricants, the breakdown of non-conducting layers and coatings or the build-up of oxides.
The instantaneous value of contact potential is also available for data logging as high speed data.
Many wear processes are driven by temperature, be they the formation of oxides on the surfaces, the transformation of microstructure, the formation or break-down of lubricant additive or other tribochemical films, the melting of the surface (the PV limit of the material) or thermal stress induced failure.
To be more specific wear occurs as the result of the dissipation of frictional energy in the contact and this is irresistibly accompanied by a rise in temperature. The frictional energy is generated by the combination of load and sliding speed and its distribution and dissipation is influenced by other contacting conditions such as size and relative velocity.
In the reciprocating contact of the TE 77, sliding velocities are deliberately maintained at low levels in order to minimise frictional heating and, in the case of lubricated tests, to promote boundary lubrication. Minimisation of frictional heating means that contact temperature can be controlled effectively by controlling the bulk temperature of the fixed specimen. The temperature is measured with a thermocouple pressed against the fixed specimen and control is by software PID with PWM output.
This is not directly monitored on the TE 77 and assessments are made from wear scar sizes on the moving specimen and wear volumes on the stationary specimen. Specimen sizes are small enough to be placed in SEM and other surface analysis equipment for detailed chemical analysis of surface films.
With the optional TE 77/WEAR fitted, a continuous record can be made of the movement of the moving specimen relative to the fixed specimen. This measurement can be used as an indication of the combined wear of both surfaces and for identifying wear transitions.
Control and Data Acquisition
The TE 77 has PC based sequence programmable control and data acquisition. This is provided by an integrated Serial Link Interface Module and COMPEND 2000 software running on a host PC, operating under Windows. Data is stored to hard disc in standard spread sheet compatible file formats (.csv or .tsv).
Tests are defined by a sequence of steps, each step containing set-point, data recording rates and alarm level information. Set-points may be adjusted by step change or ramp. The test sequence is followed unless interrupted by the operator or an alarm. Set-points may also be adjusted manually using on screen toggles.
Low Speed Data
Analogue input channels are sampled and data logged at a maximum rate of ten samples per second. Time smoothing and averaging functions are provided by in hardware and software.
The standard (low data rate) r.m.s. friction signal is generated by passing the input voltage through a true r.m.s. to d.c. converter. This produces a time smoothed r.m.s. value of the friction force, integrated over a period of just over 1 second. Because the friction force signal approximates to a square wave, the r.m.s. friction signal can be considered as an average friction force as measured over at least one complete cycle, assuming a reciprocating frequency greater than 1 Hz.
By rectifying the instantaneous friction force signal and subtracting the r.m.s. average, a resulting signal corresponding to the perturbations (friction noise) can be produced. If this signal is subsequently passed through a second true r.m.s. to d.c. converter, an r.m.s. signal of friction noise can be generated. This can be used, in real time, as an analogue measure of the friction noise, hence the orderliness or otherwise of the friction signal. By dividing the r.m.s. friction noise value by the r.m.s. friction signal value, a percentage friction noise value (as a derived channel in software) can be generated.
High Speed Data
The high speed data acquisition interface provides programmable burst data acquisition of friction, contact potential and stroke position. It is implemented by means of a 16-bit six channel multi-function ADC USB card, with programmable data acquisition rates up to 50 kHz. Data is buffered and stored direct to hard disc with a separate file automatically created for each acquisition cycle. The high speed data file names are automatically inserted as hyperlinks in the standard machine data file so that the high speed data may be viewed at the relevant place in the test.
Comparisons and Advantages
The maximum frequency on the TE 77 is 50 Hz. It should be noted that the majority of standards relating to reciprocating tribometers call for a test frequency of 50 Hz or less. The frequency range of competing electro-magnetic oscillator driven reciprocating tribometers is often higher (up to 500 Hz), but the amplitude range is lower than the TE 77, with a maximum stroke range typically up to 4 mm (but not over the full frequency range). This is compared with 25 mm on the standard TE 77. The TE 77 will run at 50 Hz at 5 mm and 30 Hz at 15 mm stroke.
Whereas stroke length has no great significance for basic tests to evaluate the frictional and chemical film forming behaviour of lubricants, stroke length, hence sliding distance, are of great importance when it comes to wear generation. A stroke length of 10 mm is also specified in ASTM G 133.
Generation of Wear
Wear is a direct function of sliding distance, hence, the rate of generation of wear is a direct function of the rate of accumulation of sliding distance.
25 mm Stroke at 20 Hz: 60 m per minute (TE 77)
15 mm Stroke at 30 Hz: 54 m per minute (TE 77)
5 mm Stroke at 50 Hz: 30 m per minute (TE 77)
4 mm Stroke at 50 Hz: 24 m per minute (Typical electro magnetic machine performance)
1 mm Stroke at 100 Hz: 12 m per minute (Typical electro magnetic machine performance)
The longer stroke capability of the TE 77 makes it a more effective wear generator than short stroke electro magnetically driven devices. It also allows tests to be performed using variable contact width, hence variable contact pressure, curved edge fixed specimens.
Entrainment and Wear Debris
The ability of the moving specimen to “expose” all parts of the fixed specimen depends on the contact length being not more than half the stroke length. In other words, in the case of other devices, with a contact length greater than 2 mm and a maximum stroke of 4 mm, it is apparent that the centre portion of the fixed specimen will be in continuous contact with part of the moving specimen. This has serious implications for lubricant entrainment, for surface activation and for the discharge of wear debris from the contact. Debris can become entrapped and generate an unwanted third body wear mechanism. Because of this, the devices are not entirely satisfactory for adhesive wear tests with area contact specimens.
An important issue with regard to contact scale is how the wear is shared between the two contacting surfaces. Wear is a function of sliding distance. In the case of the moving specimen, the sliding distance is twice the stroke length x number of cycles. For a point on the fixed specimen, the linear wear is twice the contact length x number of cycles. In other words, the wear of the moving specimen is dependent on total sliding distance but the wear on the fixed specimen is dependent on the number of passes and the contact length. It follows that the ratio of wear between the two surfaces depends on both stroke and contact length. In order to model a real tribological contact, this contact scale parameter should be correctly modelled.
To get the model right, the contact length must be correctly scaled. Hence, running at 25 mm stroke modelling a contact length of 3 mm in an engine with 100 mm stroke, the ring specimen in the test machine should have a contact length of 0.75 mm. To model this at shorter stroke lengths would require a contact length of 0.09 mm, which is not practical.
The extra stroke length on the TE 77 means that quite a variety of large sliding specimens can be accommodated. This is particularly useful when working with test specimens cut from machine components. The test area is highly accessible and open to design of specialised specimen carriers.
Very Low Frequencies
The TE 77 offers, by means of simple interchangeable gearboxes, a minimum frequency down to 0.01 Hz. Electro magnetically driven devices typically offer a minimum operating frequency of 1 Hz. This lower end speed range allows the TE 77 machine to be used for investigating stick-slip and friction-velocity (Stribeck) curve characteristics of lubricants and materials.
TE 77/SRC Adjustable Radius Piston Ring Clamp
The reciprocating shaft has a hollow bore and connection for an oil feed. The bore communicates via oil-ways in the bush and clamp components to small jets either side of the ring sample. This allows lubricant to be added in small volumes to either side of the ring sample.
A larger clamp has been designed to accommodate rings up to 200 mm diameter. Use of this sized ring requires modification of the lubricant bath to reduce the side wall height.
TE 77/TRC Adjustable Radius Twin Piston Ring Clamp
TE 77/PT Pin on Twin Test Bath
The pin on twin test bath allows tests to be performed with a self-locating crossed cylinder geometry. This is a technique originally developed by Dr Peter Blau at Oakridge National Laboratories.
TE 77/WEAR On-Line Wear Monitoring System
TE 77/WEAR is a high-resolution capacitance proximity measuring system. Output from the device is in the form of a DC voltage proportional to displacement, suitable for data acquisition on a PC.
A capacitance non-contact probe is mounted in the moving specimen carrier. The probe is mounted approximately 0.5 mm away from a reference surface mounted on the edge of the specimen bath. The capacitance of the gap is converted to a dc voltage by a charge amplifier. The voltage is passed through a true rms/dc converter to provide the mean gap value over the length of the stroke.
The variations in the gap due to wear, lubricant film formation, thermal expansion or a combination of these are picked up by the system. The fact that the gap is small ensures that temperature effects are limited to the thermal expansion over that length.
The measuring resolution is greatest when the temperature of the fixed specimen is held constant. The TE 77/WEAR system is ideal for establishing long-term wear rates and transition points.
TE 77/GB/20 Gearbox for 20:1
TE 77/GB/100 Gearbox for 100:1 Reduction
This gearbox mounts between the drive motor and camshaft, providing a 100:1 reduction in operating frequency. The very low sliding speeds generated ensure that the contact operates in boundary lubrication conditions. The option is used for studying static friction and stick-slip of lubricants for slide-ways, clutches and the like. Specimens are available for stick-slip testing.
TE 77/HR Heated Piston Ring Sample Carrier
The TE 77/HR is a replacement reciprocating specimen carrier with integral heating, designed to allow tests to be run with a differential temperature between the moving ring specimen and the fixed liner specimen. The ring sample is self-heating to 200°C and is normally used in conjunction with liner sample temperature controlled by the fixed specimen heater block to less than this value.
TE 77/INERT Gas EnclosureThe TE 77/INERT Gas Enclosure is an anodised aluminium chamber that fits in place of the standard heater bath and encloses the fixed and moving specimens. The reciprocating specimen carrier is sealed by a rubber bellows fitted between the reciprocating drive assembly and the chamber. Load is applied through a flexible membrane in the top of the chamber.
This option is used for investigating the effects of ambient gas or moisture on friction and wear. Inert gases, water vapour and mildly corrosive gases may be used.
TE 77/800C High Temperature Heater
On the TE 77 the heated specimen carrier and piezo-electric force transducer are mounted on a common sub-base. To carry out high temperature experiments this is replaced with the separate TE 77/800C sub-base assembly. Key components of this assembly are made from Inconel (for high temperature performance) and a thermal barrier ensures that the flexures and piezo-electric force transducer are not exposed to excessive temperature.
The standard reciprocating specimen carrier head is also replaced by a carrier made from Inconel. This has a “C” shape, permitting the specimens to be enclosed inside a shroud and the load to be transmitted through a roller bearing outside this enclosure.
Specimens can be mounted either in the standard sample bath for dry or lubricated tests up to 600°C or on a special platform for high temperature un-lubricated tests. A stainless steel shroud is provided to help reduce heat loss by radiation and convection at the high temperatures.
This option may be provided as a retrofit assembly comprising heater block and four 200 W heaters, flexures and piezo-electric force transducer all mounted on a separate sub-base. The heaters are wired into the same connector as the standard heaters once these have been removed.
TE 77/PUMP Peristaltic Pump and Drip Feed System
The TE 77/PUMP drip feed system uses a variable speed peristaltic pump. The advantages of this system are that there is no cross-contamination between pump and fluid, fluids are not exposed to high shear rates, it is self-priming and safe under dry running. By selecting a range of tube bore diameters a very wide range of flow rates are achievable. With a single size of tube the pump has a 110:1 turn ratio.
The package includes the peristaltic pump controller and pump head, three sizes of pump tubing and universal pipe fittings. An adaptor is provided for use with the standard moving specimen carrier clamps. This allows a PTFE tube to be mounted on the carrier to direct lubricant onto the contact zone.
This option is used in additives screening and lubricant development programs to provide fresh lubricant to the contact over long time periods. This is particularly important if tests are being carried out at temperatures where oxidation or evaporation of the sample is accelerated.
TE 77/PIEZO Fretting Test Adapter
This adapter replaces the standard reciprocating drive assembly with a piezo actuator drive system. This is for performing fretting tests at strokes from 10 to 100 microns with frequencies up to 100 Hz with control of mid-stroke position and amplitude to +/-0.2 microns.The system includes a high pre-load piezostack, servo amplifier and signal generator, capacitance displacement gauge, 250 kHz 16-bit 16 channel multi-function ADC (not required if TE 77/HSD is already installed) and C-flex mounted moving specimen carrier. Simultaneous high speed data acquisition of friction force and displacement allows force-displacement curves to be plotted.
TE 77/PD Pin on Disc Test AdapterThe TE 77/PD Pin on Disc Adapter replaces the standard reciprocating head on the machine and allows the performance of conventional pin on disc tests, using the machines drive motor and automatic loading system.
TE 77 Slide/Roll Adapters
Many wear and failure mechanisms in gears and valve trains can be modelled with sliding-rolling contacts, in which the point of contact moves on both surfaces. The development of the “Energy Pulse” (EP) criterion led to the development of two slide-roll adapters for the TE 77.
TE 77 EP-CAMIn this arrangement, a plate specimen is reciprocated against a rotating roller in what has been termed a “Reciprocating Amsler” test configuration. This produces asymmetrical lubricant entrainment: positive with the surface of the plate and roller moving in the same direction and, depending on relative speeds, negative when moving in opposite directions, hence a model for the kind of entrainment conditions occurring in a cam-follower contact. No point on either specimen remains in continuous contact.The adapter uses the standard 25 mm stroke cam drive and loading system. It is supplied on an sub-base, interchangeable with the standard TE 77 heated specimen carrier and piezo-electric force transducer sub-base. The TE 77/EP-CAM test roller is mounted on the output shaft of a worm gearbox and runs in a heated lubricant reservoir. The reservoir is supported on flexures and a piezo-electric force transducer measures the horizontal (traction) forces in the contact. The enclosure is provided with an integral electric heater and thermocouple to enable tests with bulk fluid temperatures up to 100°C.
The worm gearbox with has a 2:1 speed reduction and the input shaft is connected via a 1:2 ratio bevel gearbox to a servo-motor. The rotational speed of the roller can be adjusted independently of the reciprocating rate of the plate, allowing a range of different varying entrainment velocities to be set. In addition to adjusting the varying slide/roll ratio by adjusting the rotational speed and reciprocating frequency, the stoke length can of course be adjusted.The upper plate specimen is secured to a pivoted yoke on the reciprocating drive. This ensures that the plate aligns with the roller with an even load distribution across the contact width. The load is transferred to the reciprocating arm by the usual method of the needle roller cam follower running against a plate on the lower side of the loading yoke.
TE 77 EP-GEARIn this arrangement, a roller is reciprocated against a plate specimen and a rocking motion induced by a linkage mechanism. The entrainment velocity varies with stroke, symmetrically about the mid-stroke position. The result is that the point of contact moves on both specimens, similar to gear teeth sliding and rolling about the pitch point. No point on either specimen remains in continuous contact.
TE 77/LLA Dead Weight Low Load Adapter
There are a number of test procedures requiring low levels of normal load. These include tests on coatings and soft layers, the evaluation of the lubricity of fluids and the ISO/DIS 12156-2 Fuel Lubricity Test. The standard automatic loading system has a loading threshold of 5 N. The Low Load Adapter can apply loads down to fractions of a Newton, although the minimum resolvable friction forces are at a level of 2 N normal load.
The Low Load Adapter applies dead weight loading to a ball (point contact) moving test specimen. The adapter uses a balanced beam and a push rod running through a linear bearing in a modified specimen carrier. This ensures that the load remains vertically above the ball across the whole stroke. The design limits the stroke to 2 mm with this adapter.
TE 77/TB ISO Test Bath
This test bath is for use in conjunction with TE 77/LLA for performing tests using standard ISO Fuel Lubricity Test specimens.
TE 77/D5706/7 Fixed Specimen Bath
TE 77/D5706/7 Fixed Specimen Bath, in conjunction with the standard reciprocating head, allows fixed and moving specimens as specified in ASTM D5706 and D5707to be accommodated.
TE 77/CAL Calibration Kit for Load and Friction
The two most important parameters to calibrate on the TE 77 are the normal load and the friction force. TE 77/CAL provides a pivoted beam with dead weights able to apply up to 1,000 N to the loading system and a pulley, cord and weights to apply a tangential force to the specimen bath to check the friction measurement.
Technical Specifications Contact Configurations: Ball on Plate (Point Contact) Cylinder on Plate (Line Contact) Area Contact Optional Configurations: Piston-Ring and Cylinder Liner ISO Fuel Test Specimens Load Range: 5 to 1000 N Loading Rate: 50 N/s Temperature Range: Ambient to 600°C Heating Power: 800 W Temperature Sensor: k-type thermocouple Frequency Range: 2 to 50 Hz Stroke Range: See following tables Contact Potential: 50 mV dc signal Friction Transducer: Piezo-Electric Type Force Range: – 500 to 500 N Stroke Transducer: Magneto Inductive Maximum Stroke: 25 mm Linearity: 0.50% Low Speed Interface: Serial Link Interface Module Resolution: 12 bit Number of Input Channels: 1 to 8 Number of Output Channels: 1 to 4 Maximum Data Rate: 10 Hz High Speed Interface: USB Resolution: 16 bit Number of Input Channels: 6 Maximum Data Rate: Six channels at 50 kHz Software: COMPEND 2000 Motor: 1.1 kW a.c. vector motor with 2048 ppr encoder Plate Specimen: 38 mm x 58 mm x 4 mm thick (typical) Point Contact: 6 mm, 3/8 inch and 10 mm diameter ball Line Contact: 6 mm diameter x 16 mm long pin Area Contact: 12 mm diameter x 4 mm thick disc Stroke Range: Continuously Variable Cam – 0 to 12.5 mm Angle – degrees: Minimum – mm Maximum – mm 0 0 2 18 1.04 3.04 36 2.65 4.65 54 4.25 6.25 72 5.75 7.75 90 7.09 9.09 108 8.24 10.24 126 9.17 11.17 144 9.85 11.85 162 10.26 12.26 180 10.4 12.4 Step Variable 0 to 12.5 mm: Angle – degrees: Nominal Stroke – mm 0 0 18 1.94 36 3.83 54 5.63 72 7.29 90 8.77 108 10.03 126 11.05 144 11.79 162 12.25 180 12.5 Step Variable 12.5 to 25 mm: Angle – degrees: Nominal Stroke – mm 0 12.5 18 13.05 36 14.26 54 15.97 72 17.89 90 19.8 108 21.54 126 23 144 24.09 162 24.77 180 25 Controlled Parameters Frequency Load Temperature Test Duration Measured Parameters Load Low speed data Friction (rms) Low speed data Friction (instantaneous) High speed data Friction Noise (time smoothed) Low speed data Contact Potential (time smoothed) Low speed data Contact Potential (instantaneous) High speed data Stroke Position (instantaneous) High speed data Temperature Low speed data Frequency Low speed data Number of Cycles Low speed data Wear (with TE 77/WEAR) Low speed data Derived Parameters Friction Coefficient Low speed data Real-time Graphs All low speed data (user selectable) Burst high speed data (user selectable) ACCESSORIES & ADAPTERS TE 77/WEAR On-Line Wear Monitoring System Contact Configurations: Ball on Plate Cylinder on Plate Area Contact Piston Ring on Liner Displacement Range: 0 to 1 mm Resolution: 0.2µm Accuracy: within 3 % Allowed Temperature: – 20°C to 200°C Output Range: 1 mV = 1µm TE 77/GEAR/20 Gearbox for 20:1 Reduction Frequency Range: 0.1 Hz to 2.5 Hz TE 77/GEAR/100 Gearbox for 1001 Reduction Frequency Range: 0.02 Hz to 0.5 Hz TE 77/HR Heated Piston Ring Sample Carrier Load Range: 5 to 1000 N Self Heating Temperature: 200°C TE 77/INERT Gas Enclosure Maximum Pressure: 120 mm water Maximum Temperature: 200°C TE 77/COOLER Cooler Pad Minimum Temperature: -50°C TE 77/800C High Temperature Heater Contact Configurations: Ball on Plate Cylinder on Plate Area Contact Plate Size: 30 mm diameter x 4 mm thick Temperature Range: ambient to 800°C Heating Power: 800 W Temperature Sensor: k-type thermocouple TE 77/PUMP Peristaltic Pump and Drip Feed Maximum Pump Speed: 55 rpm Turn-Down Ratio: 110:01:00 Flow Rates: 0.02 to 2.3 ml/min with 0.5 mm bore tube 0.06 to 6.7 ml/min with 0.8 mm bore tube 0.22 to 24 ml/min with 1.6 mm bore tube Tube Wall Thickness: 1 mm TE 77/PIEZO Fretting Test Adapter Type of Contact: Ball/Flat Flat/Flat Line/Flat Type of Movement: Sine, Square and Triangular Load: 5 to 1000 N Friction Force: +/-500 N Maximum Stroke – continuously variable: 10 microns to 100 microns Resolution: +/-0.2 microns Frequency – continuously variable: 1 Hz to 100 Hz Maximum stroke at 100 Hz: 30 microns Maximum stroke at 50 Hz: 60 microns Maximum stroke at 20 Hz: 100 microns TE 77/PD Pin on Disc Adapter Contact Configurations: Pin on Disc Ball on Disc Specimen Holders: 8 mm and 5.5 mm diameter pins 10 mm and 6 mm diameter balls Disc Diameter: 75 mm Track Radius: 0 to 35 mm Fluid Temperature: Ambient to 200°C Heating Power: 800 W Temperature sensor: k-type thermocouple Drive Ratio: 3:1 reduction Rotation Speed: 20 to 1,000 rpm Sliding Velocity: 0.08 to 3.6 m/s Maximum Torque: 4.5 Nm Normal Load: 50 to 1,000 N (with 500 N Autoloader) Friction Force Range: 1,000 N Signal Conditioning: Strain Gauge Amplifier Module TE 77/EP-CAM Slide/Roll Adapter Contact Configuration: Plate on Cylinder (Line Contact) Roller Specimen Diameter: 35 mm Roller Width: 10 mm Plate Specimen: 50 mm x 12 mm x 3 mm Load Range: 1000 N Stroke Range: 25 mm Maximum Frequency: 20 Hz Maximum Rotational Speed: 1000 rpm Servo Motor Power: 400 W Temperature Range: ambient to 100°C Heating Power: 200 W Temperature Sensor: k-type thermocouple TE 77/EP-GEAR Slide/Roll Adapter Contact Configuration: Plate on Cylinder (Line Contact) Roller Specimen Diameter: 42 mm Roller Width: 5 mm Load Range: 1000 N Stroke Range: 25 mm Maximum Frequency: 10 Hz TE 77/LLA Dead Weight Low Load Adapter Contact Configuration: Ball on Plate Ball Diameter: 6 mm Load Range: 2 to 20 N by dead weight Allowed Stroke: 0 to 2 mm Maximum Frequency: 50 Hz TE 77/D5706/7 Specimen Bath Specimen: 24 mm Diameter x 7.85 mm Specimen (ASTM D5706/7) Services Electricity: 220/240 V, single phase, 50/60 Hz, 3.2 kW Installation Floor-standing machine: 900 mm x 900 mm x 600 mm high, 250 kg Packing Specifications: 1.33 m3, GW 410 kg, NW 310 kg
Publications for TE 77 High Frequency Friction Machine
Paper # 1 A Reciprocating Wear Test for Evaluating Boundary Lubrication Sheasby J S, Caughlin T A, Blahey A G, Laycock K F, Tribology International, 1990, 23(5), p. 301-307. Paper # 2 Testing EP and Anti-Wear Performance of Gear Lubricants Alliston-Greiner A F, Proc. I. Mech. E., J. Aerospace Eng., 1991, 205, p. 89-101. Paper # 3 Compositional Changes in Lubricated Sliding Metal Surfaces Related to Seizure Johanssen E, Hogmark S, Nilsson H, Redelius P, Proc. 5th Int. Congress on Tribology, Eurotrib 1989, Vol. 1, p. 174-180. Paper # 4 Modifications of Electron Properties of Friction Surfaces in Boundary Lubrication Morizur M F, Briant J, Proc. I. Mech. E., Tribology – Friction, Lubrication and Wear, Fifty Years On, 1987, p. 447-454. Paper # 5 Electrical Phenomena Associated with Boundary Lubricated Friction Morizur M F, Briant J, Proc. 5th Int. Congress on Tribology, Eurotrib 1989, Vol. 5, p. 272-279. Paper # 6 In-Situ Electro-charging for Friction Reduction and Wear Resistant Film Formation Tung S C, Wang S-C S, STLE Tribology Conference, Toronto, October 7-10, 1990. Paper # 7 The Transition Between Mild and Severe Wear for Boundary Lubricated Steels Samuels B, Richards M N, ASME Journal Of Tribology, 1991, 113, p. 65-72. Paper # 8 Sliding Friction and Wear Behaviour of Several Nickel Aluminide Alloys Under Dry and Lubricated Conditions Blau P J, De Vore C E, Tribology International, 1990, 23(4), p. 226-234. Paper # 9 Addition of Solid Lubricants to Grease: Influence of Solid Content and Powder Characteristics on Sliding Friction and Wear Fatkin J, Cron A, ITC, Nagoya, 1990, 2F1-2, p.1101-1106. Paper # 10 Routine Engine Tests – Can We Reduce Their Number ? Plint M A, Alliston-Greiner A F, Petroleum Review, July 1990, p. 368-370. Paper # 11 Development of Fuel Wear Tests Using the Cameron-Plint High Frequency Reciprocating Machine Kanakia M D, Cuellar Jr J P, Lestz S J, Belvoir Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility SwRI Report No. BFLRF 262, May 1989. Paper # 12 Test Procedure for Rapid Assessment of Frictional Properties of Engine Oils at Elevated Temperatures Plint A G, Plint M A, Tribology International, 1984, 17(4), p. 209-213. Paper # 13 A New Technique or the Investigation of Stick-Slip Plint A G, Plint M A, Tribology International, 1985, 18(4), p. 247-249. Paper # 14 Development of Wear-Resistant Ceramic Coatings for In-Cylinder Diesel Engine Components Naylor M G S, Fear M P, Presented at Coatings for Advanced Heat Engines Workshop, Castine, Maine, August 6-9 1990. Paper # 15 Wear Resistant Ceramic Coatings Naylor M G S, Presented at US Department of Energy Annual Automotive Technology Development Contractor’s Coordination Meeting, Dearborn, Michigan, October 22-25, 1990., SAE P-243, 273-281. Paper # 16 Fuel Lubricity Requirements for Diesel Injection Systems Lacey P I, Lestz S J, Belvoir Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility SwRI Report No. BFLRF 270, Feb 1991. Paper # 17 Overbased Lubricant Detergents – A Comparative Study of Conventional Technology and a New Class of Product O’Conner S P, Crawford J, Cane C, Proc. 7th International Colloquium, Automotive Lubrication, Esslingen, January 1990, Paper 12.15, 1-16. Paper # 18 A Tribological Study of Overbased Detergents O’Conner S P, Crawford J, Moore A J, Proc. 8th International Colloquium, Tribology 2000, Esslingen, January 1992, Paper 7.7, 1-13. Paper # 19 Untersuchung zur Tribologie von Flugturbinenolen unter Mischreibungsbedingungen (Tribological Investigations of Aviation Turbine Oils under Mixed Lubrication Conditions) Schroeder H, Jantzen E, Proc. 8th International Colloquium, Tribology 2000, Esslingen, January 1992, Paper 19.10, 1-16. Paper # 20 The Removal of Substrate Material through Thick Zinc Dithiophosphate Anti-Wear Films Bell J C, Delargy K M, Seeney A M, Proc. Leeds-Lyon Symposium, Wear Particles, Dowson et al. (eds), 1992, Elsevier, Paper IX(ii), p. 387-396. Paper # 21 Lubrication Influences on the Wear of Piston-Ring Coatings Bell J C, Delargy K M, Proceedings of the 16th Leeds-Lyon Symposium, Mechanics of Coatings, 1989, p. 371-377. Paper # 22 The Use of a Laboratory Wear Simulation Technique for the Development of Marine Cylinder Lubricants Davis F A, Moore A J, Pridmore S, Presented at CIMAC ’93, 1993. Paper # 23 The Development of a Reciprocating Rig Technique to Assess the Stick-Slip Properties of Slideway Lubricants Coates D A, I. Mech. E. The Mission of Tribology Research, December 1992 (unpublished). Paper # 24 Bench Wear Testing of Engine Power Cylinder Components Patterson D J, Hill S H, Tung S C, Lubrication Engineering, 1993, 49(2), p. 89-95. Paper # 25 Diamond-like Carbon Coatings on Ti-6Al-4V Kustas F M, Misra M S, Wei R, Wilbur P J, Tribology Transactions, 1993, 36(1), p.113-119. Paper # 26 Antiwear Mechanism of Zinc Dialkyl Dithiophosphates Added to Paraffinic Oil in the Boundary Lubrication Condition So H, Lin Y C, Huang G G S, Cherney T S T, Wear 1993, 166, p.17-26. Paper # 27 Fuel Efficiency Screening Tests for Automotive Engine Oils Moore A J, SAE 932689, 1993 (also in SAE SP-996, Tribological Insights and Performance Characteristics of Modern Engine Lubricants) Paper # 28 The Impact of Organomolybdenum Compounds on The Frictional Characteristics of Crankcase Engine Oils Stipanovic A J, Schoonmaker J P, SAE 932779, 1993 (also in SAE SP-996, Tribological Insights and Performance Characteristics of Modern Engine Lubricants) Paper # 29 A Retrospective Survey of the Use of Laboratory Tests to Simulate Internal Combustion Engine Materials Tribology Problems Blau P J, ASTM STP 1199, Tribology: Wear Test Selection for Design and Application, Ruff A. W. and Bayer R. G. (eds), 1993. Paper # 30 Microstructures and Tribological Characteristics of Electron-Beam Co-Deposited Ag/Mo Thin Film Coatings Tung S C, Cheng Y-T, Wear 1993, 162-164, p. 763-772. Paper # 31 A New Technique to Enhance Film-Coating Process by Electrochemical Reaction in Oil-Based Media Wang S-C S, Tung S C, STLE Trans., 1994, 37(1), p. 175-181. Paper # 32 Extreme Pressure and Anti-Wear Properties of Lubricants: A Critical Study of Current Test Methods and Suggestions for the Future Plint M A, Alliston-Greiner A F, ASTM STP 1199, Tribology: Wear Test Selection for Design and Application, Ruff A. W. and Bayer R. G. (eds), 1993. Paper # 33 Surface and Tribological Characterization of Coatings for Friction and Wear Reduction Simko S J, Militello M C, Tung S C, SAE 932787, 1993. Also SAE SP-996, Tribological Insights and Performance Characteristics of Modern Engine Lubricants SAE Technical Papers Document Number: 932787 Paper # 34 A Diamond-like Carbon Film for Wear Protection of Steel Harris S J, Tung S C, Simko M C, International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films, San Diego, 1993. Paper # 35 Development of a Bench Wear Test for the Evaluation of Engine Cylinder Components and the Correlation with Engine Test Results Hartfield-Wünsch S E, Tung S C, Rivard C J, SAE 932693, 1993 (also in SAE SP-996, Tribological Insights and Performance Characteristics of Modern Engine Lubricants) Paper # 36 Polymer Esters and Their Synergy with ZDDP – A Possibility to Reduce ZDDP Content in Lubricants? Wallfahrer U, 9th International Colloquium, Ecological and Economical Aspects of Tribology, Esslingen, Paper 11.14, 1-10. Paper # 37 Development of a Laboratory Test to Predict Lubricity Properties of Diesel Fuels and Its Application to the Development of Highly Refined Diesel Fuels Spikes H A, Meyer K, Bovington C, Caprotti R,, Krieger K, 9th International Colloquium, Ecological and Economical Aspects of Tribology, 1994, Paper 3.11, 1-16. Paper # 38 Wear of spheroidal graphite cast irons for tractor drive train components M Beltowksi, PJ Blau, J Qu Wear Volume 267, Issues 9-10, 9 September 2009, p. 1752-1756 Paper # 39 Evaluation of a High Frequency Reciprocating Wear Test for Measuring Diesel Fuel Lubricity Hadley J W, Owen G C, Mills B, SAE 932692, (also in SAE SP-996) Paper # 40 Gear Box Oil Test Procedures: A Critical Study Alliston-Greiner A F, Plint M A, CEC/93/TL02, Proceedings of 4th International Symposium on the Performance Evaluation of Automotive Fuels and Lubricants, 1993. Paper # 41 The Investigation of ZDTP Anti-Wear Additive Surface Morphologies by Coupling Atomic Force Microscopy with Friction Measurements Mowlem J, Laurion T, Landol M, STLE Preprint 94-PS-3G-6, 49th STLE Annual Meeting, 1994. Paper # 42 Development of a Lubricity Test Based on the Transition from Boundary Lubrication to Severe Adhesive Wear in Fuels Lacey P I, STLE Preprint 94-AM-5J-1, 49th STLE Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, 1994. Paper # 43 Scale Effects in Sliding Friction: An Experimental Study Blau P J, Fundamentals of Friction: Macroscopic and Microscopic Processes, Singer I. L. and Pollock H. M. (eds), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992. Paper # 44 Wear-Reducing Surface Films Formed by a Fluorinated Sulfonamide Additives in a Chlorotrifluoroethylene-Based Fluid Cavdar B, Sharma S K, Gschwender L J, STLE Preprint 94-AM-3G-1, 49th STLE Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, 1994. Paper # 45 Wear Control in Automotive Diesel Engines Cooper D, Moore A J, Austrib ’94, 4th International Tribology Conference, Perth, 1994. Paper # 46 The Influence of Boundary Films on Lubricant Anti-Scuff Performance Cooper D, Moore A J, 21st Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Lubricants and Lubrication, Dowson et al. (eds), Elsevier, 1995, p. 617-633. Paper # 47 The Composition and Structure of Model Zinc Dialkyldithiophosphate Anti-Wear Films Bell J C, Delargy K M, 6th International Congress on Tribology, Eurotrib 93, 1993. Paper # 48 Application of Thin Layer Activation to Lubricant Evaluation: On-Line Monitoring of Wear on a Reciprocating Test Bench Delvigne T, Oxorn K, Industrial Diagnostic Services Report, 6, rue J. Lenoir, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 1993. Paper # 49 Wear of Piston Rings and Liners By Laboratory Simulation Ralph Slone, Donald J Patterson, Kevin M Morrison, George B Schwartz SAE Paper – 890146 – 02/01/1989 Paper # 50 Study of Tribochemical Film Formation using X-Ray Absorption and Photoelectron Spectroscopies Kasrai M, Fuller M, Scaini M, Yin Z, Brunner R W, Bancroft G M, Fleet M E, Fyfe K, Tan K H, 21st Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Lubricants and Lubrication, Dowson et al. (eds), Elsevier, 1995, p. 659-669. Paper # 51 On the Prediction of the Anti-Wear Performance of an Engine Oil Jarnias F, Du Parquet J, Proceedings of the XI NCIT, January 22-25, 1995, p. 409-414. Paper # 52 Friction and Wear of Carbon-Graphite Materials Against Metal and Ceramic Counterfaces Blau P J, Martin R L, Tribology International, 1994, 27(6), p. 413-422. Paper # 53 Machines and Methodologies for Wear Testing Extreme Pressure and Anti-Wear Properties of Lubricants Plint A G, Proceedings of the XI NCIT, January 22-25, 1995, p. 375-386. Paper # 54 Dry Lubrication Using a Composite Coating Ebdon P R, Proc. I. Mech. E., C130/87, p.537-542 Paper # 55 Electroless Nickel/PTFE Composites Ebdon P R, SAE 880875, 24th Annual Aerospace/Airline Plating and Metal Finishing Forum, 1988. Paper # 56 Laboratory Screening Tests for Low Sulphur Diesel Fuel Lubricity Cooper D, Lubrication Science, 1995, 7 (2), p. 133-148. Paper # 57 Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of the Plasma Sprayed Mo and Co Alloy Coating Layers (IN KOREAN) Nam T-H, Hur G-C, Lee S W, Ha G-H, Kim B-K, Journal of the Korean Inst. Metals and Materials, 1995, 33 (4), p. 556-562. Paper # 58 Wear with Low-Lubricity Fuels I. Development of a Wear Mapping Technique Lacey P I, Wear 1993, 160, p. 325-332. Paper # 59 Wear Behaviour of Plasma-Sprayed Partially Stabilized Zirconia on a Steel Substrate Ahn H-S, Kwon O-K, Wear 1993, 162-164, p. 636-644. Paper # 60 The Influence of Interfacial Potential on Friction and Wear in an Aqueous Drilling Mud Brandon N P, Wood R J K, Wear 1993, 170, p. 33-38. Paper # 61 Tribochemistry of a PFPAE Fluid on M-50 Surfaces by FTIR Spectroscopy Liang J C, Helmick L S, Tribology Transactions, 1996, 39 (3), p. 705-709. Paper # 62 Effect of Humidity on Friction and Wear for a Linear Perfluoropolyalkylether Fluid under Boundary Lubrication Conditions Helmick L S, Sharma S K, Lubrication Engineering, 1996, 52 (6), p. 437-442. Paper # 63 Bench Wear Testing of Common Gasoline Engine Cylinder Bore Surface/Piston Ring Combinations Hill S H, Hartfield-Wünsch S E, Tung S C, STLE Preprint 96-AM-6C-2, 1996, 1-7. Paper # 64 The Influence of Composition on the Lubricity of Diesel Fuels Hadley J W, Mills B, CEC/93/EF12, 4th International Symposium on the Performance Evaluation of Automotive Fuels and Lubricants, 1993. Paper # 71 Prediction of ASTM Sequence VI and VIA Fuel Economy Based on Laboratory Bench Tests Gangopadhay A K, Sorab J, Willermet P A, Schriewer K, Fyfe K, Lai P K S, SAE 961140, 1996. Paper # 87 Frictional Properties of Organomolybdenum Compounds in the Presence of ZDTPs under Sliding Conditions Muraki M, Wada H, in “Lubricants and Lubrication”, Dowson et al. eds., Elsevier, 1995, 409-422. Paper # 88 Accelerated Wear of Ceramics Assisted by Tribochemical Effects Kaur R G, Stolarski T A, Coates D A, Gelder A, presented at First World Tribology Congress, Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference C491, September 1997. Paper # 93 Influences of Lubricant Properties on ASTM Sequence VI and Sequence VI-A Fuel Efficiency Performance Moore A J, SAE Paper 961138, 1996, 1-12. Paper # 94 Reliable Model of Lubricant-Related Friction in Internal Combustion Engines Benchaita M T, Lockwood F E, Lubrication Science, 5(4), 1993, 259-280. Paper # 96 Effects of Surface Grinding Conditions on the Reciprocating Friction and Wear Behaviour of Silicon Nitride Blau P J, Martin R L, Zanoria E S, Wear 203-204, 1997, 648-657. Paper # 99 Tribological Behaviour of Plasma-Sprayed Zirconia Coatings Ahn H-S, Kim J-Y, Lim D-S, Wear 203-204, 1997, 77-87. Paper # 101 Prediction of the Lubrication and Wear of Piston Rings – Theoretical Model Priest M, Dowson D, Taylor C M, presented at First World Tribology Congress, Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference C491, September 1997. Paper # 102 The Utilization of Novel Bench Screening Techniques in the Development of Antiwear Additives for Lubricants Migdal C A, Rowland R G, Baranski J R, presented at First World Tribology Congress, Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference C491, September 1997. Paper # 103 Sliding Wear of Plasma-Sprayed Chromium Oxide-Silica Coating Ahn H-S, Lee S K, Paper # 108 Mechanisms of Tribochemical Film Formation: Stability of Tribo- and Thermally- Generated ZDDP Films Bancroft G M, Kasrai M, Fuller M, Yin Z, Fyfe K, Tan K H, Tribology Letters March 1997 Volume 3 – No 1 – 47-51 Paper # 109 Low ZDDP High Performance Semisynthetic Automotive Engine Oils Using Polymer Esters as an Antiwear Booster Wallfahrer U, Bowen L, Lubrication Engineering, 53(12), 1997, 23-28. Paper # 110 Application of Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Chemical Characterization of Antiwear Films Generated by ZDDP Part I: The Effects of Physical Parameters. Yin K, Kasrai M, Fuller M, Bancroft G M, Fyfe K, Tan K H, Wear 202, 1997, 172-191. Paper # 111 Application of Soft X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy in Chemical Characterisation of Antiwear Films Generated by ZDDP Part II: The Effects of Detergents and Dispersants. Yin K, Kasrai M, Fuller M, Bancroft G M, Fyfe K, Colaianni M L, Tan K H, Wear 202, 1997, 192-201. Paper # 112 Chemical Characterization of Tribochemical and Thermal Films Generated from Neutral and Basic ZDDPs using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Fuller M, Yin Z, Kasrai M, Bancroft G M, Yamaguchi E S, Ryason P R, Willermet P A, Tan K H, Tribology International, 30, 1997, 305-315. Paper # 114 Tribological Properties of Fire-Resistant, Non-flammable, and petroleum-Based Hydraulic Fluids Lacey P I, Naegeli D W, Wright B R, In Tribology of Hydraulic Pump Testing, ASTM STP 1310, Totten G. E., Kling G. and Smolenski D, J, eds., ASTM, 1996. Paper # 115 Bench Wear and Single-Cylinder Engine Evaluations of High Temperature Lubricants for U.S. Army Ground Vehicles Lacey P I, Frame E A, Yost D M, Belvoir Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility SwRI Report No. BFLRF 291, September 1994. Paper # 118 A Study of Boundary Lubrication Thin Films Produced from a Perfluoropolyalkylether Fluid on M-50 Surfaces. 1. Film Species Characterization and Mapping Studies Liang J C, Cavdar B, Sharma S K, Tribology Letters, 3, 1997, 107-112. Paper # 119 Wettability Aspects of Friction and Wear reduction by a Fluorinated Sulphonamide Additive in a Chlorotrifluoroethylene-based Fluid Cavdar B, Sharma S K, John P, Tribology International, 28(8), 1995, 501-506. Paper # 134 Testing Extreme Pressure and Anti-Wear Performance of Crankcase and Gearbox Lubricants Alliston-Greiner A F, Plint A G, Plint M A, Proceedings of the XII NCIT, January 1998, p. 672-686. Paper # 135 Wear Testing Methods and Their Relevance to Industrial Wear Problems Gee M G, Owen-Jones S, NPL (National Physical Laboratory) Report CMMT (A)92, December 1997. Paper # 143 A Model Study of Lubricant Additive Reactions in the Presence of Methanol Olsson B, Mattsson L, Nilsson P H, Otterholm B, Wirmark G, Proc. Leeds-Lyon Symposium, Vehicle Tribology, Dowson et al. (eds), 1991, Elsevier Tribology Series, 18, Paper XVI(ii), p. 429-437. Paper # 147 Solution Decomposition of Zinc Dialkyl Dithiphosphate and its Effect on Antiwear and Thermal Film Formation Studies by X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy. Suominen Fuller M L, Kasrai M, Bancroft G M, Fyfe K, Tan K H, Tribology International, 31 (10), 1998, 627-644. Paper # 148 The Sliding Wear Resistance and Frictional Characteristics of Surface Modified Aluminium Alloys Under Extreme Pressure Dearnley P A, Gummersbach J, Weiss H, Ogwu A A, Davies T J, Wear 225-229 (1999), 127-134. Paper # 152 A Qualitative Empirical Model of Cylinder Bore Wear Becker E P, Ludema K C, Wear 225-229 (1999), 387-404. Paper # 154 Temperature Effects on the Wear Behaviour of Particulate Reinforced Al-Based Composites Martin A, Rodriguez J, Llorca J, Wear 225-229 (1999), 615-620. Paper # 155 Tribological Behaviour of Plasma-Sprayed Chromium Oxide Coating Ahn H-S, Kwon O-K, Wear 225-229 (1999), 814-824. Paper # 156 Scuffing and Wear Behaviour of Aluminium Piston Skirt Coatings Against Aluminium Cylinder Bore Wang Y, Tung S C, Wear 225-229 (1999), 1100-1108. Paper # 157 Development and Use of ASTM Standards for Wear Testing Blau P J, Budinski K G, Wear 225-229 (1999), 1159-1170. Paper # 159 Effects of Whisker Distribution and Sintering Temperature on Friction and Wear of Si3N4-Whisker-Reinforced Si3N4-Composites Liang Y N, Lee S W, Park D S, Wear 225-229 (1999), 1327-1337. Paper # 160 Reciprocating Friction and Wear Behaviour of a Ceramic-Matrix Graphite Composite for Possible Use in Diesel Engine Valve Guides Blau P J, Dumont B, Braski D N, Jenkins T, Zanoria E S, Long M C, Wear 225-229 (1999), 1338-1349. Paper # 197 Using Fiber Optics and Laser Fluorescence for Measuring Thin Oil Films With Application to Engines Dana E Richardson, Gary L Borman SAE Paper – 912388 – 10/01/1991 Paper # 220 Use of Low-Viscosity, Low-Volatility Basestocks in Formulation of High Performance Motor Oils T E Kiovsky, N C Yates, J R Bales SAE Paper – 922348 – 10/01/1992 Paper # 227 Stuck Servovalves in Aircraft Hydraulic Systems Sharma S K, Snyder CE, Gschwender L J, Liang J C, Schreiber B F, STLE Lubrication Engineering, 55(7), 1999, 27-32. Paper # 228 Influence of Potential on the Friction and Wear of Mild Steel in a Model Aqueous Lubricant Brandon N P, Bonanos N, Fogarty P O, Mahmood M N, Moore A J, Wood R J K, J. App. Eletrochem, 23, 1993, 456. Paper # 230 On the Use of Laboratory Friction Tests to Select Lubricants for Cold Rolling of Aluminium Alloys Deneuville P, STLE Lubrication Engineering, 55(8), 1999, 28-32. Paper # 232 The Combined Effects of ZDDP, Surface Texture and Hardness on the Running-in of Ferrous Metals Do H, Lin R C, Tribology International, 32(5), 1999, 243-253. Paper # 233 Bench Test Study of Piston Flank and Piston Groove Interaction Barrell D J W, Priest M, Taylor C M, Proc. Leeds-Lyon Symposium, Vehicle Tribology, Dowson et al. (eds), 1999, Elsevier Tribology Series, 36, p. 343-351. Paper # 234 Piston Ring / Ring Groove Interactions in Internal Combustion Engines Barrell D J W, Priest M, Taylor C M, presented at “Mission of Tribology Research 8”, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, 2nd December 1999, Paper 9. Paper # 248 Tribological properties of ionic liquids as lubricants and additives. Part 1: synergistic tribofilm formation between ionic liquids and tricresyl phosphate MF Fox, M Priest Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Volume 222, Number 3 / 2008 p. 291-303 Paper # 275 Tribological performance of an Al–Si alloy lubricated in the boundary regime with zinc dialkyldithiophosphate and molybdenum dithiocarbamate additives X Xia, A Morina, A Neville, M Priest Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Volume 222, Number 3 / 2008 p. 305-314 Paper # 276 Tribological properties of diamond-like carbon coatings in lubricated automotive applications H Renondeau, BL Papke, M Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Volume 223, Number 3 / 2009 p. 405-412 Paper # 277 Tribological evaluation of aluminum and magnesium sheet forming at high temperatures MD Hanna Wear Volume 267, Issues 5-8, 15 June 2009, p. 1046-1050 Paper # 279 The Two-layer Structure of Zndtp Tribofilms Martin J-M, Grossiord C, Le Mogne T, Bec S,TonckA, Tribology International, 34 (2001) 523-530. Paper # 280 Additive Influence on Wear and Friction Performance of Environmentally Adapted Lubricants Waara P, Hannu J, Norrby T, Byheden A, Tribology International, 34 (2001) 547-556. Paper # 282 A Review of ZDDPs: Characterisation and Role in Lubricating Oil Barnes A, Bartle K, Thibon V, Tribology International, 34 (2001) 389-395. Paper # 283 The Influence of Honing on the Wear of Ceramic Coated Piston Rings and Cylinder Liners Radil K, Lubrication Engineering, Volume 58, Issue 7, July 2001. Paper # 284 Wear and Scuffing Characteristics of Composite Polymer and Nickel/ceramic Composite Coated Piston Skirts Against Aluminium and Cast Iron Cylinder Bores Wang Y, Brogan K, Tung S, Wear 250 (2001) 706-717. Paper # 285 Tribological Evaluation of Oil Pump Relief Valve Coatings Compatible with an Aluminum Oil Pump Body Wang Y, Brogan K, Tung S, Wear 250 (2001) 690-705. Paper # 294 Tribological Characteristics of WC-Ni and WC-Co Cemented Carbide in Dry Reciprocating Sliding Contact K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels Tribology Transactions, Volume 52, Issue 4 July 2009 , p. 481 – 491 Paper # 302 Tribological Characteristics of Electrolytic Coatings for Aluminum Engine Cylinder Lining Applications Amit Datta, John Carpenter, Peter J Blau, Ronald D Ott SAE Paper – 2002-01-0490 – 03/04/2002 Paper # 311 Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Oil Films for Application to Piston Ring Lubrication Dana E Richardson, Gary L Borman SAE Paper – 922341 – 10/01/1992 Paper # 315 Abrasion and Reciprocating Wear Testing of Ceramics and Hardmetals. Gee M G, Gant A, Byrne W P, Roebuck B, NPL Report CMMT(A)166, May 1999. Paper # 324 Testing Extreme Pressure and Anti-Wear Performance of Crankcase and Gearbox Lubricants. Alliston-Greiner A F, Plint A G, Plint M A, ASTM STP 1404, American Society for Testing and Materials. Paper # 327 Reciprocative sliding wear of ZrO2–TiCN composites against WC-Co cemented carbide K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, A Salehi, B Lauwers Wear Volume 265, Issues 11-12, 26 November 2008, p. 1767-1775 Paper # 329 Squeak and Rattle Behavior of Elastomers and Plastics: Effect of Normal Load, Sliding Velocity, and Environment Martin A Trapp, Roman Pierzecki SAE Paper – 2003-01-1521 Paper # 330 Squeak and Rattle Behavior of Filled Thermoplastics: Effect of Filler Type and Content on Acoustic Behavior Martin A Trapp, Roman Pierzecki SAE Paper – 2005-01-2542 Paper # 331 Statistical Methods to Formulate Belt Drive Cvt Fluids With High Friction Coefficients William C Ward, Carlos L Cerda de Groote SAE Paper – 2000-01-1871 – 06/19/2000 Paper # 333 The lubricity of graphite flake inclusions in sintered polyimides affected by chemical reactions at high temperatures P Samyn, G Schoukens Carbon Volume 46, Issue 7, June 2008, p. 1072-1084 Paper # 334 The sliding behaviour of sintered and thermoplastic polyimides investigated by thermal and Raman spectroscopic measurements P Samyn, J Quintelier, G Schoukens, P De Baets Wear Volume 264, Issues 9-10, 10 April 2008, p. 869-876 Paper # 335 Methods of Improving Cylinder Liner Wear Padma Kodali, Peter How, William D McNulty SAE Paper – 2000-01-0926 – 03/06/2000 Paper # 338 Optimization of Anti-Scuff and Film Strength Characteristics of Marine Cylinder Lubricants S S V Ramakumar, Neelam Aggarwal, Ajay Kumar, V K Chhatwal, V Martin, B R Tyagi SAE Paper – 2004-28-0083 – 01/16/2004 Paper # 339 Plastic Oil Rings for Diesel Engines: a Preliminary Evaluation Joao A Cullen, Richard F Dixon, Jiubo Ma SAE Paper – 960049 – 02/01/1996 Paper # 340 Raman Characterization of Anti-Wear Films Formed from Fresh and Aged Engine Oils Dairene Uy, Steven J Simko, Ann E O’Neill, Ronald K Jensen, Arup K Gangopadhyay, Roscoe O Carter III SAE Paper – 2006-01-1099 Paper # 350 Laboratory Test Rig Simulation of Bore Polish Gondal A K, Davis F A, Eyre T S, Materials Science and Technology January 1998 Vol 14 Paper # 355 Basic Studies on Boundary, EP and Piston Ring Lubrication Using a Special Apparatus Mills T N, Cameron A, ASLE Trans., 25, 1981, 117. Paper # 356 Metallic Contact and Friction Between Sliding Surfaces Furey M J, ASLE Trans., 4, 1961. Paper # 367 A Study of Break-in Film Development with Different Piston Ring Coatings and Correlation with Electrical Contact Resistance Measurements Tung S C, Hong Gao, Lubrication Engineering, Volume 59, Issue 9, September 2003 Paper # 368 The Tribological Behaviour of Engineering Plastics during Sliding Friction investigated with Small-scale Specimens Zsidai L, De Baets P, Samyn P, Kalacska G, Van Peteghem A P, Van Parys F, Wear 253 (2002) 673 – 688 Paper # 369 Tribological Behaviour of Pure and Graphite-filled Ployamides under Atmospheric Conditions Samyn P, De Baets P, Schoukens G, Hendrickx B, Polymer Engineering and Science Page 1477 Vol 43 No 8 August 2003 Paper # 383 An Experimental Study of the Wear Performance of NiCrBSi Thermal Spray Coatings Rodriguez J, Martin A, Fernandez R, Fernandez J E, Wear 255 (2003) 950 – 955 Paper # 387 Friction Characteristics of a Potential Articular Cartilage Biomaterial Covert R J, Ott R D, Ku D N, Wear 255 (2003) 1064 – 1068 Paper # 389 Tribological Characteristics and Surface Interaction between Piston Ring Coatings and a Blend of Energy-conserving Oils and Ethanol Fuels Tung S C, Gao H Wear 255 (2003) 1276 – 1285 Paper # 397 Limited Slip Wet Clutch Transmission Fluid for AWD Differentials; Part 2: Fluid Development and Verification Ganemi B, Maki R, Ekholm K, Olsen R, Lundstrom B, JSAE 20030121 SAE 2003-01-1981 Paper # 398 An Industrial View on Oil Specifications, Wear Testing and Hydraulic Fluids Olsson H, Ukonsaari J, Nortrib Conference 2002 Paper # 399 A Laboratory Simulation for Stick-Slip Phenomena on the Hydraulic Cylinder of a Construction Machine Muraki M, Kinbara B, Konishi T, Tribology International – Accepted for publication 21 March 2003 Paper # 401 Lubricant chemistry and tribology chemistry – boundary and extreme pressure lubrication Cameron A IMechE 1987 Paper # 402 A rig test to measure friction and wear of heavy duty diesel engine piston rings and cylinder liners using realistic lubricants John J. Truhan J J, Jun Qu, Blau P J. Tribology International Volume 38, Issue 3 , March 2005, p. 211-218 Paper # 403 A rolling-contact device that uses the ball-on-flat testing principle M Kalin, J Vizintin Wear 256 (2004) 335-341 Paper # 404 Lubrication of an electroplated nickel matrix silicon carbide coated eutectic aluminium–silicon alloy automotive cylinder bore with an ionic liquid as a lubricant additive K Mistry, MF Fox, M Priest Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Volume 223, Number 3 / 2009 p. 563-569 Paper # 405 Advantages of using the ball-on-flat device in rolling-contact testing of ceramics M Kalin, J Vizintin Journal of European Ceramic Society 24 (2004) 11-15 Paper # 407 Friction reduction by metal sulfides in boundary lubrication studied by XPS and XANES analyses M I De Barros, J Bouchet, I Raoult, Th Le Mogne, J M Martin, M Kasrai and Y Yamada Wear 254 (2003) 863-870 Paper # 409 Wear studies of (Ti–Al)N coatings deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering K Singh, P K Limaye, N L Soni, A K Grover, R G Agrawal and A K Suri Wear 2005 Volume 258, No11-12, 1813-1824 Paper # 410 X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis of the chemical environment of zinc in the tribological film formed by zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate decomposition on steel M D Pauli, T S Rufael, J K Mowlem, M Weinert, D K Saldin and W T Tysoe Tribology International Volume 38, Issue 2 , February 2005, p. 195-204 Paper # 415 A multi-technique approach of tribofilm characterisation C Minfray, JM Martin, C Esnouf, T Le Mogne, R Kersting, B Hagenhoff Thin Solid Films Volumes 447-448, 30 January 2004, p. 272-277 Paper # 416 A multi-technique characterization of ZDDP antiwear films formed on Al (Si) alloy (A383) under various conditions G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, M Kasrai, PR Norton, TW Capehart, T Perry, Y-T Cheng, B. Frazer, P Gilbert Tribology Letters, Volume 26, No. 2, May 2007 – 103 – 117 Paper # 418 A Review of Sub-Scale Test Methods to Evaluate the Friction and Wear of Ring and Liner Materials for Spark- and Compression Ignition Engines PJ Blau ORNL/TM-2001/184 – 22 January 2002 Paper # 419 A review of zinc dialkyldithiophosphates (ZDDPS): characterisation and role in the lubricating oil AM Barnes, KD Bartle, VRA Thibon Tribology International, Volume 34, Number 6, June 2001, pp. 389-395 Paper # 420 A scuffing test for piston ring/bore combinations Part I. Stearic acid lubrication J Galligan, AA Torrance, G Liraut Wear Volume 236, Number 1, December 1999 , pp. 199-209(11) Paper # 424 Adsorption and friction in the UHV tribometer JM Martin, T Le Mogne, C Grossiord, T Palermo Tribology Letters Volume 3, Number 1 / March, 1997 p. 87-94 Paper # 425 Alternative and low sulfur fuel options: boundary lubrication performance and potential problems KS Wain, JM Perez, E Chapman, AL Boehman Tribology International Volume 38, Issue 3 , March 2005, p. 313-319 Paper # 429 Annual Technical Progress Report for Project Entitled “Impact of DME-Diesel Fuel Blend Properties on Diesel Fuel Injection Systems” EM Chapman, A Boehman, K Wain, W Lloyd, JM Perez, D Stiver, J Conway Report: June 2003 DOE Award Number: DE-FC26-01NT41115 Paper # 430 Antiwear film formation of neutral and basic ZDDP: influence of the reaction temperature and of the concentration K Varlot, M Kasrai, JM Martin, B Vacher, GM Bancroft, ES Yamaguchi, P Ray Ryason Tribology Letters 8 (2000) 9–16 Paper # 434 Boundary lubrication mechanisms of carbon coatings by MoDTC and ZDDP additives MI de Barros’ Bouchet, JM Martin, T Le-Mogne, B Vacher Tribology International Volume 38, Issue 3, March 2005, p. 257-264 Paper # 435 CFCC applications for diesel engine valve guides. DOE Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composite Program D Twait, M Long DOE Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composite Program Phase IIA/B Final Report April 14,1999 Paper # 437 Characterization of Tribological Behaviour of Hardmetals K Bonny, P DE Baets, B Lauwers, J Vleugels, O Van Der Biest Delft University of Technology – Tribology Department 2001 Paper # 438 Chemical and Mechanical Properties of ZDDP Antiwear Films on Steel and Thermal Spray Coatings Studied by XANES Spectroscopy and Nanoindentation Techniques MA Nicholls, T Do, PR Norton, GM Bancroft, M Kasrai, T. Weston Capehart, Y-T Cheng, T Perry Tribology Letters Volume 15, Number 3 / October, 2003 p. 241-248 Paper # 439 Chemical characterization and nanomechanical properties of antiwear films fabricated from ZDDP on a near hypereutectic Al–Si alloy G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, MA Nicholls, M Kasrai, PR Norton, G Stasio Tribology Letters, Volume 18, Number 4, April 2005, pp. 411-427 Paper # 440 Chemistry of Antiwear Films from Ashless Thiophosphate Oil Additives MN Najman, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft Tribology Letters Volume 17 Number 2 – August 2004 – 217-229 Paper # 441 Chemistry of ZDDP Tribofilm by ToF-SIMS C Minfray, JM Martin, MI De Barros, TL Mogne, R Kersting, B Hagenhoff Tribology Letters Volume 17, Number 3 / October, 2004 p. 351-357 Paper # 442 Coated machine elements—fiction or reality? B Podgornik Surface and Coatings Technology Volumes 146-147, September-October 2001, p. 318-323 Paper # 443 Combination of ashless antiwear additives with metallic detergents: interactions with neutral and overbased calcium sulfonates M Najman, M Kasrai, G Michael Bancroft, R Davidson Tribology International Volume 39, Issue 4, April 2006, p. 342-355 Paper # 451 Effect of humidity on wear of M-50 steel with a branched perfluoropolyalkylether lubricant LS Helmick, SK Sharma Tribology Letters 6 (1999) 123–127 Paper # 452 Effect of liner surface properties on wear and friction in a non-firing engine simulator DK Srivastava, AK Agarwal, J Kumar Materials & Design Volume 28, Issue 5, 2007, p. 1632-1640 Paper # 455 Effects of Mo-Containing Dispersants on the Function of ZDDP: Chemistry and Tribology Z Zhang, ES Yamaguchi, L Yu, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft Tribology Transactions, 2007 – Taylor & Francis Paper # 456 Effects of temperature and sliding distance on the wear behavior of austenitic Fe-Cr-C-Si hardfacing alloy K Lee, KH Ko, JH Kim, GG Kim, S Kim Tribology Letters Volume 26, Number 2 / May, 2007 p. 131-135 Paper # 458 Experimental simulation of chemical reactions between ZDDP tribofilms and steel surfaces during C Minfray, TL Mogne, AA Lubrecht, JM Martin Tribology Letters Volume 21, Number 1 / January, 2006 p. 65-76 Paper # 459 Extraction and tribological investigation of top piston ring zone oil from a gasoline engine PM Lee, M Priest, MS Stark, JJ Wilkinson, JR Lindsay Smith, R Taylor, S Chung Proceedings of the I MECH E Part J Journal of Engineering Tribology, Volume 220, Number 3, 2006, pp. 171-180 Paper # 460 Fracture and tribological behaviors of Al 2 O 3/5 vol.% SiC nanocomposites SH Kim, YH Kim, SW Lee, T Sekino, K Niihara Materials Science Forum, 2003 Paper # 463 Friction of polyoxymethylene homopolymer in highly loaded applications extrapolated from small-scale P Samyn, P De Baets Tribology Letters, Volume 19, Number 3, July 2005, pp. 177-189 Paper # 464 Friction, wear and material transfer of sintered polyimides sliding against various steel and diamond-like carbon coated surfaces P Samyn, G Schoukens, J Quintelier, P De Baets Tribology International Volume 39, Issue 6, June 2006, p. 575-589 Paper # 465 Friction-reducing mechanisms of molybdenum dithiocarbamate/zinc dithiophosphate combination: New insights in MoS2 genesis C Grossiord, JM Martin, T Le Mogne, K Inoue Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology May 1999 – Volume 17, Issue 3, 884-890 Paper # 466 Fuel lubricity B Wilson Industrial Lubrication and Tribology Volume 48 · Number 1 · January/February 1996 Paper # 470 Improved fuel efficiency by lubricant design: a review RI Taylor, RC Coy Proceedings of the I MECH E Part J Journal of Engineering Tribology, Volume 214, Number 1, 7 February 2000, pp. 1-15 Paper # 471 Improvement of PEEM images from thick inhomogeneous antiwear films using a thin Pt coating MA Nicholls, GM Bancroft, M Kasrai, PR Norton, BH Stasio Tribology Letters, Volume 18, Number 4, April 2005, pp. 453-462 Paper # 472 Influence of interfacial potential on the tribological behavior of brass/silicon dioxide rubbing Q Chang, Y Meng, S Wen Applied Surface Science, Volume 202, Number 1, 15 December 2002, pp. 120-125 Paper # 475 Influence of Internal Lubricants (PTFE and Silicon Oil) in Short Carbon Fibre-Reinforced Polyimide Composites on Performance Properties P Samyn, P De Baets, G Schoukens Tribology Letters Issue Volume 36, Number 2 / November 2009 p. 135-146 Paper # 476 Influence of temperature and ZDDP concentration on tribochemistry of surface-capped molybdenum sulfide nanoparticles studied by XANES spectroscopy VN Bakunin, M Kasrai, GN Kuzmina, GM Bancroft, OP Parenago Tribology Letters Volume 26, Number 1 / April, 2007 p. 33-43 Paper # 477 Interaction of ZDDP with Borated Dispersant Using XANES and XPS Z Zhang, ES Yamaguchi, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, G Barber Tribology Transactions, Volume 47, Issue 4 January 2004 , p. 527 – 536 Paper # 478 Investigation of the scuffing characteristics of candidate materials for heavy duty diesel fuel J Qu, JJ Truhan, PJ Blau Tribology International Volume 38, Issue 4 , April 2005, p. 381-390 Paper # 479 Ionic liquids with ammonium cations as lubricants or additives J Qu, JJ Truhan, S Dai, H Luo, PJ Blau Tribology Letters, Vol. 22, No. 3, June 2006 p. 207 – 214 Paper # 480 Key life test to predict automotive ball joint wear using the Cameron-Plint high frequency friction C HSU, G MCINTYRE NGLI’s. Annual Meeting No67, Asheville, North Carolina , USA, NLGI Spokesman 2001, vol. 64, no12, pp. 13-17 Paper # 481 Load-Dependent Transition in Sliding Wear Properties of TiCN–WC–Ni Cermets BVM Kumar, I Kanpur, B Basu Journal of the American Ceramic Society Volume 90 Issue 5 May 2007 Page 1534–1540 Paper # 482 Lubricant influence on flange wear in sharp railroad curves P Waara Industrial Lubrication and Tribology Volume 53 2001 Paper # 483 Lubrication of carbon coatings with MoS 2 single sheet formed by MoDTC and ZDDP lubricants MI de Barros Bouchet, T Le Mogne, JM Martin Tribology International 2005 – 38: 257–264 Paper # 485 Materials and surface treatments solutions for friction and wear problems in food industries YM Chen, D Duchateau, JP Peyre, JJ Tessier CETIM, Senlis, France Paper # 487 Mechanical characteristics of colored film on stainless steel by the current pulse method CJ Lin, JG Duh Thin Solid Films, 1996 – 287:1-21-2, 80-86 – Elsevier Paper # 494 Modeling of Abrasive Wear in a Piston Ring and Engine Cylinder Bore System S TUNG, Y HUANG Tribology Transactions 2004- 47: 17-22 Paper # 496 Morphology and Nanomechanical Properties of ZDDP Antiwear Films as a Function of Tribological Contact Time M Aktary, MT McDermott, GA McAlpine Tribology Letters, Volume 12, Number 3, April 2002, pp. 155-162 Paper # 497 MoS2 single sheet lubrication by molybdenum dithiocarbamate C Grossiord, K Varlot, JM Martin, T Le Mogne, C Esnoufb, K Inouec Tribology International Volume 31, Issue 12, December 1998, p. 737-743 Paper # 498 Nanomechanical properties of films derived from zincdialkyldithiophosphate OL Warren, JF Graham, PR Norton, JE Houston, TA Michalske Tribology Letters Volume 4, Number 2 / March, 1998 p. 189-198 Paper # 499 Nanometer Scale Chemomechanical Characterization of Antiwear Films MA Nicholls, PR Norton, GM Bancroft, M Kasrai, T Do, BH Frazer, G De Stasio Tribology Letters Volume 17, Number 2 / August, 2004 p. 205-216 Paper # 500 New opportunities in automotive tribology MP Everson, H Ohtani Tribology Letters Volume 5, Number 1 / July, 1998 Paper # 502 Overview of Techniques for Measuring Friction Using Bench Tests and Fired Engines DN Assanis, DJ Patterson, SC Tung, SI Tseregounis SAE Technical Papers Document Number: 2000-01-1780 Paper # 503 Percolative mechanism of sliding wear in alumina/zirconia composites JF Bartolomé, C Pecharromán, JS Moya, A Martín Journal of the European Ceramic Society 26 (2006) 2619–2625 Paper # 504 Piston Ring-Cylinder Bore Friction Modeling in Mixed Lubrication Regime: Part II—Correlation With Bench Test Data O Akalin, GM Newaz Journal of Tribology – January 2001 – Volume 123, Issue 1, 219-223 Paper # 507 Scuffing resistance after tribosynthesis of a modified surface layer J Hershberger, OO Ajayi, YA Bello, GR Fenske Thin Solid Films Volumes 469-470, 22 December 2004, p. 263-267 Paper # 509 Impacts of Bore Surface Finish and Coating Treatment on Tribological Characteristics of Engine Cylinder Bores Simon C Tung, John Emley SAE Paper – 2002-01-1638 – 05/06/2002 Paper # 510 Simulated fuel dilution and friction-modifier effects on piston ring friction O Smith, M Priest, RI Taylor, R Price, A Cantlay, R Coy Proceedings of the I MECH E Part J Journal of Engineering Tribology, Volume 220, Number 3, 2006, pp. 181-189 Paper # 512 Sliding friction and wear of magnesium alloy AZ91D produced by two different methods PJ Blau, M Walukas Tribology International Volume 33, Issue 8, August 2000, p. 573-579 Paper # 516 Solution decomposition of zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate and its effect on antiwear and thermal film formation studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy MLS Fuller, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, K Fyfe, KH Tan Tribology International Volume 31, Issue 10 , October 1998, p. 627-644 Paper # 518 Spatial Distribution of the Chemical Species Generated Under Rubbing from ZDDP and Dispersed Potassium Triborate K Masenelli-Varlot, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, G De Stasio, B Gilbert, ES Yamaguchi, PR Ryason Tribology Letters Volume 14, Number 3 / April, 2003 p. 157-166 Paper # 519 Spectromicroscopy of tribological films from engine oil additives. Part I. Films from ZDDPs GW Canning, ML Suominen Fuller, GM Bancroft, MI Kasrai; JN Cutler, G De Stasio, B Gilbert Tribology Letters, Volume 6, Numbers 3-4, 1999 – 159-169 Paper # 520 Structure and properties of the TiN and Ti (C, N) coatings deposited in the PVD process on high-speed steels LA Dobrza?ski, M Adamiak Journal of Materials Processing Technology Volume 133, Issues 1-2, 1 February 2003, p. 50-62 Paper # 521 Study of interaction of EP and AW additives with dispersants using XANES Z Zhang, M Najman, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, ES Yamaguchi Tribology Letters Volume 18, Number 1 / January, 2005 p. 43-51 Paper # 522 Study of surface films of crystalline and amorphous overbased sulfonates and sulfurized olefins by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy MT Costello, RA Urrego, M Kasrai Tribology Letters Volume 26, Number 2 / May, 2007 p. 173-180 Paper # 523 Study of surface films of overbased sulfonates and sulfurized olefins by X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) spectroscopy MT Costello, M Kasrai Tribology Letters Volume 24, Number 2 / November, 2006 p. 163-169 Paper # 524 Study of the Chemistry of Films Generated from Phosphate Ester Additives on 52100 Steel Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy MN Najman, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, A Miller Tribology Letters Volume 13, Number 3 / October, 2002 p. 209-218 Paper # 525 Study of the Interaction of ZDDP and Dispersants Using X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Spectroscopy—Part 2: Tribochemical Reactions ES Yamaguchi, Z Zhang, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft Tribology Letters Volume 15, Number 4 / November, 2003 p. 385-394 Paper # 526 Surface activity of high?temperature perfluoropolyalkylether oil additives PJ John, J Liang, JN Cutler Tribology Letters 4 (1998) 277–285 Paper # 527 Surface chemistry of new lubrication systems for high?speed spacecraft bearings JN Cutler, JH Sanders, JS Zabinski, PJ John, JR McCutchen, LS Kasten, KH Tan Tribology Letters Volume 8, Number 1, 2000, pp. 17-23 Paper # 529 Surface-capped molybdenum sulfide nanoparticles–a novel type of lubricant additives AY Suslov, VN Bakunin, GN Kuz’mina, LM Vedeneeva, O Parenago, C Migdal, P Stott Lubrication Science Volume 16, Issue 3 , p. 207 – 214 Paper # 530 Surface-Capped Molybdenum Sulfide Nanoparticles–a Novel Type of Lubricant Additives VN Bakunin, AY Suslov, GN Kuz’mina, LM Vedeneeva, World Tribology Congress 2001 Paper # 531 Temperature Effects on Mechanical Properties of Zinc Dithiophosphate Tribofilms K Demmou, S Bec, JL Loubet, JM Martin Tribology International 2006, Volume 39, No 12 p. 1558-1563 Paper # 532 The chemistry of antiwear films generated by the combination of ZDDP and MoDTC examined by x-ray absorption spectroscopy M Kasrai, JN Cutler, K Gore, G Canning, GM Bancroft, KH Tan Tribology Transactions Volume 41, no. 1, pp. 69-77. Jan. 1998 Paper # 533 Impact of Cr3C2/VC addition on the dry sliding friction and wear response of WC–Co cemented carbides K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, S Huang Wear Volume 267, Issues 9-10, 9 September 2009, p. 1642-1652 Paper # 534 The Correlation of Microchemical Properties to Antiwear (AW) Performance in Ashless Thiophosphate Oil Additives MN Najman, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, BH Frazer, G De Stasio Tribology Letters Volume 17, Number 4 / November, 2004 p. 811-822 Paper # 535 The decomposition reaction path of a linear PFPAE under tribological conditions LS Helmick, JC Liang, BE Ream Tribology Letters 4 (1998) 287–292 Paper # 537 The effect of residual stresses in functionally graded alumina–ZTA composites on their wear and friction behaviour S Novak, M Kalin, P Lukas, G Anne, J Vleugels, O Van Der Biest Journal of the European Ceramic Society Volume 27, Issue 1, 2007, p. 151-156 Paper # 542 The role of the cation in antiwear films formed from ZDDP on 52100 steel G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, D Munoz-Paniagua, M Kasrai, P Norton, M Abrecht, P Gilbert Tribology Letters Volume 23, Number 2 / August 2006 p. 109-119 Paper # 543 The tribological properties of several silahydrocarbons for use in space mechanisms WR Jones Jr, MJ Jansen, LJ Gschwender, CE Snyder, SK Sharma, RE Predmore, MJ Dube Proceedings of the 9th European Space Mechanisms and Tribology Symposium, 19-21 September 2001, Liège, Belgium. ESA Publications Division, ISBN 92-9092-761-5, 2001, p. 57 – 63 Paper # 544 The use of post-mortem Raman spectroscopy in explaining friction and wear behaviour of sintered polyimide at high temperature P Samyn, J Vancraenenbroeck, F Verpoort, P De Baets Tribotest Volume 12, Issue 3 , p. 223 – 236 Paper # 545 The use of X?ray absorption spectroscopy for monitoring the thickness of antiwear films from ZDDP ML Suominen Fuller, L Rodriguez Fernandez, GR Massoumi, WN Lennard, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft Tribology Letters Volume 8, Number 4 / May, 2000 p. 187-192 Paper # 548 Thermal transitions in polyimide transfer under sliding against steel, investigated by raman spectroscopy and thermal analysis P Samyn, P De Baets, J Van Craenenbroeck, F Verpoort, G Schoukens Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2006, Volume 101, No 3, p. 1407-1425 Paper # 551 Topography and nanomechanical properties of tribochemical films derived from zinc dialkyl and diaryl JF Graham, C McCague, PR Norton Tribology Letters 6 (1999) 149–157 Paper # 552 Tribochemical interactions between molybdenum dithiophosphate and succinimide additives C Guerret-Piecourt, C Grossiord, T Le Mogne, JM Martin, T Palermo Surface and Interface Analysis Volume 30, Issue 1 , p. 646 – 650 Paper # 553 Tribochemical Wear of Rail Steels Lubricated with Synthetic Ester-Based Model Lubricants P Waara, T Norrby, B Prakash Tribology Letters Issue Volume 17, Number 3 / October, 2004 p. 561 – 568 Paper # 554 Tribochemistry of Overbased Calcium Detergents Studied by ToF-SIMS and Other Surface Analyses L Cizaire, JM Martin, E Gresser, NT Dinh, C Heau Tribology Letters Volume 17, Number 4 / November, 2004 p. 715-721 Paper # 555 Tribochemistry of PFPAE fluid on M-50 surfaces by FTIR spectroscopy J LIANG, LS HELMICK Tribology Transactions 1996, 39:33, 705-709 Paper # 556 Tribofilms generated from ZDDP and DDP on steel surfaces: Part 1, growth, wear and morphology Z Zhang, ES Yamaguchi, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft Tribology Letters Volume 19, Number 3 / July, 2005 p. 211-220 Paper # 557 Tribological behavior and tribofilm composition in lubricated systems containing surface-capped molybdenum sulfide nanoparticles VN Bakunin, GN Kuzmina, M Kasrai, OP Parenago, C Migdal, P Stott Tribology Letters – Volume 22, Number 3 / June, 2006 Paper # 561 Tribological behaviour of diamond-like carbon coatings applied on polymer extrusion dies P De Baets, P Deckers, F Van Parys, K Vercammen World Tribology Congress 2001 Paper # 566 Tribological Properties of Hot Pressed Alumina-Silicon Carbide Nanocomposite SH Kim, YH Kim, T Sekino, K Niihara, SW Lee AzoJoMo DOI: 10.2240/azojomo0144 Posted: September 2005 Paper # 568 Tribological studies of ZrO-implanted on stainless steel substrate H Dogan, F Findik, A Oztarhan Industrial Lubrication and Tribology Dec 2004 Volume: 56 Issue: 6 Page: 341 – 345 Paper # 569 UHV friction of tribofilms derived from metal dithiophosphates – all 3 versions » C Grossiord, JM Martin, T Le Mogne, T Palermo Tribology Letters 6 (1999) 171–179 Paper # 574 Wear mechanisms associated with the lubrication of zirconia ceramics in various aqueous solutions M Kalin, G Draži?, S Novak, J Vižintin Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 26, Issue 3, 2006, p. 223-232 Paper # 577 Wear testing and specification of hydraulic fluid in industrial applications H Olsson, J Ukonsaari Tribology International Volume 36, Issue 11, November 2003, p. 835-841 Paper # 578 Wear Testing of Seals in Magneto-Rheological Fluids V Iyengar, A Alexandridis, S Tung, D Rule Tribology Transactions, 2004 47:1 – 23-28 – Taylor & Francis Paper # 579 Wear transitions and stability of polyoxymethylene homopolymer in highly loaded applications compared to small-scale testing P Samyn, P De Baets, G Schoukens, J Quintelier Tribology International Volume 40, Issue 5, May 2007, p. 819-833 Paper # 580 X-ray absorption spectroscopy of antiwear films on aluminum alloys generated from zinc M Fuller, M Kasrai, JS Sheasby, GM Bancroft Tribology Letters 1 (1995) 367-378 Paper # 581 The development of a “pin on twin” scuffing test to evaluate materials for heavy-duty diesel fuel injectors JJ Truhan, J Qu, PJ Blau Tribology Transactions Volume 50 Number 1 January – March 2007 Paper # 582 Friction characteristics between metal contacting surfaces from anti-wear additives with application to metal V-belt type continuosly variable transmission lubricants K Narita, M Priest Journal of Engineering Tribology May 2007 Volume 221 No J3 p. 195-207 Paper # 583 Investigation of fundamental wear mechanisms at piston ring and cylinder wall interface in internal combustion engines P Papadopolous, M Priest, W M Rainforth Journal of Engineering Tribology May 2007 Volume 221 No J3 p. 333-343 Paper # 621 X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Morphology Study on Antiwear Films Derived from ZDDP Under Different Sliding Frequencies YR Li, G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, M Kasrai, PR Norton Tribology Letters Volume 27, Number 3 / September, 2007 Paper # 622 Effect of the microstructure of thermally sprayed coatings on friction and wear response under lubricated and dry sliding conditions L Prchlik, S Sampath, Wear Volume 262, Issues 1-2, 4 January 2007, p. 11-23 Paper # 623 A variable temperature mechanical analysis of ZDDP-derived antiwear films formed on 52100 steel G Pereira, D Munoz-Paniagua, A Lachenwitzer, M Kasrai, P R Norton, T W Capehart, TA Perry, YT Cheng, Wear Volume 262, Issues 3-4, 4 February 2007, p. 461-470 Paper # 624 Experimental analysis of tribological properties of lubricating oils with nanoparticle additives YY WU, WC TSUI, TC LIU, Wear Volume 262, Issues 7-8, 15 March 2007, p. 819-825 Paper # 625 Fuel Efficient Lubricant Formulations for Passenger Cars Or Heavy Duty Trucks Henri Bourgognon, Bernard Lamy, Francois Benard, Frederic Espinoux SAE Paper – 2000-01-2055 – 06/19/2000 Paper # 626 Highly effective friction modifiers from nano-sized materials DA Bokarev, VN Bakunin, GN Kuz’mina, OP Parenago, Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils Volume 43, Number 4 / July, 2007 Paper # 627 Correlation between the tribological behaviour and wear particle morphology—case of grey cast iron 250 versus Graphite and PTFE C KOWANDY, C RICHARD, YM CHEN, JJ TESSIER, Wear Volume 262, Issues 7-8, 15 March 2007, p. 996-1006 Paper # 628 Friction and Wear Mechanisms of Sintered and Thermoplastic Polyimides under Adhesive Sliding P Samyn, G Schoukens, F Verpoort, J Van Craenenbroeck, P De Baets, Macromolecular Materials and Engineering Volume 292, Issue 5 , p. 523 – 556 Paper # 629 Load-Dependent Transition in Sliding Wear Properties of TiCNWCNi Cermets BV Manoj Kumar, B Basu, M Kalin, J Vizintin, Journal of the American Ceramic Society Volume 90, Number 5, May 2007 , pp. 1534-1540 Paper # 636 The effect of lubricating oil condition on the friction and wear of piston ring and cylinder liner materials in a reciprocating bench test John J Truhan, Jun Qu, Peter J Blau Wear 259 (2005) 1048–1055 Paper # 661 Tribological properties of ionic liquids as lubricants and additives. Part 1: synergistic tribofilm formation between ionic liquids and tricresyl phosphate Fox MT, Priest M Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Issue Volume 222, Number 3 / 2008 p. 291-303 Paper # 662 Tribological characteristics of ashless dithiocarbamate derivatives and their combinations with ZDDP as additives in mineral oil Kaizhong Fan, Jing Li, Haibing Ma, Hua Wu, Tianhui Ren, M Kasrai and GM Bancroft Tribology International, Volume 41, Issue 12, December 2008, p. 1226-1231 Paper # 663 Application of diamond-like carbon coatings to elastomers frictional surfaces L Martínez, R Nevshupa, L Álvarez, Y Huttel, J Méndez, E Román, E Mozas, JR Valdés, MA Jimenez, Y Gachon, C Heau and F Faverjon Tribology International Volume 42, Issue 4, April 2009, Pages 584-590 Paper # 664 Parametric Optimization of Periodic Textured Surfaces for Friction Reduction in Combustion Engines Costin Caciu; Etienne Decencire; Dominique Jeulin Tribology Transactions, Volume 51, Issue 4 July 2008 , p. 533 – 541 Paper # 665 Influence of electrical discharge machining on tribological behavior of ZrO2–TiN composites K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, A Salehi, O Van der Biest, B Lauwers and W Liu Wear Volume 265, Issues 11-12, 26 November 2008, p. 1884-1892 Paper # 666 Friction and wear performance of diamond-like carbon and Cr-doped diamond-like carbon coatings in contact with steel surfaces H Renondeau, R I Taylor, G C Smith, A A Torrance Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Issue Volume 222, Number 3 / 2008 p. 231-240 Paper # 667 Dry Reciprocating Sliding Friction and Wear Response of WC–Ni Cemented Carbides K Bonny , P De Baets, J Vleugels, S Huang and B Lauwers Tribology Letters Issue Volume 31, Number 3 / September, 2008 Paper # 668 The lubricity of graphite flake inclusions in sintered polyimides affected by chemical reactions at high temperatures Pieter Samyn and Gustaaf Schoukens Carbon, Volume 46, Issue 7, June 2008, p. 1072-1084 Paper # 669 The Effect of Steel Hardness on the Performance of ZDDP Antiwear Films: A Multi-Technique Approach Yue-Rong Li, Gavin Pereira, Masoud Kasrai and Peter R Norton Tribology Letters Issue Volume 29, Number 3 / March, 2008 Paper # 670 The sliding behaviour of sintered and thermoplastic polyimides investigated by thermal and Raman spectroscopic measurements Pieter Samyn, Jan Quintelier, Gustaaf Schoukens and Patrick De Baets Wear Volume 264, Issues 9-10, 10 April 2008, p. 869-876 Paper # 671 Sliding Wear of Electrically Conductive ZrO2?WC Composites Against WC–Co Cemented Carbide K Bonny , P De Baets, J Vleugels, A Salehi, O Van der Biest, B Lauwers and W Liu Tribology Letters Issue Volume 30, Number 3 / June, 2008 p. 191-198 Paper # 672 Calculation and significance of the maximum polymer surface temperature T* in reciprocating cylinder-on-plate sliding Pieter Samyn, Gustaaf Schoukens Polymer Engineering and Science 2008 Volume 48 Issue 4, p. 774 – 785 Paper # 673 Boundary lubrication film formation from phosphorus antiwear additives with application to metal V-belt type continuously variable transmission lubricants K Narita, M Priest Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology Issue Volume 222, Number 3 / 2008 p. 343-356 Paper # 674 Analysis of interface temperature, forward slip and lubricant influence on friction and wear in cold rolling K Louaisil, M Dubar, R Deltombe, A Dubois and L Dubar Wear Volume 266, Issues 1-2, 5 January 2009, p. 119-128 Paper # 675 Reciprocative sliding wear of ZrO2–TiCN composites against WC-Co cemented carbide K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, A Salehi, B Lauwers and W Liu Wear Volume 265, Issues 11-12, 26 November 2008, p. 1767-1775 Paper # 676 Influence of secondary electro-conductive phases on the electrical discharge machinability and frictional behavior of ZrO2-based ceramic composites K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, A Salehi, O Van der Biest, B Lauwers and W Liu Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 208, Issues 1-3, 21 November 2008, p. 423-430 Paper # 677 Reciprocating sliding friction and wear behavior of electrical discharge machined zirconia-based composites against WC–Co cemented carbide K Bonny, P De Baets, J Vleugels, O Van der Biest, A Salehi, W Liu and B Lauwers International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2009, Pages 449-457 Paper # 678 Influence of electrical discharge machining on the reciprocating sliding friction and wear response of WC–Co cemented carbides K Bonny, P De Baets, W Ost, S Huang, J Vleugels, W Liu and B Lauwers International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials Volume 27, Issue 2, March 2009, Pages 350-359 Paper # 679 Influence of electrical discharge machining on the reciprocating sliding wear response of WC-Co cemented carbides K Bonny, P De Baets, W Ost, J Vleugels, S Huang, B Lauwers and W Liu Wear Volume 266, Issues 1-2, 5 January 2009, p. 84-95 Paper # 680 Tribochemistry in sliding wear of TiCN–Ni-based cermets BV Manoj Kumar, Bikramjit Basu, Joze Vizintin, Mitjan Kalin Journal of Materials Research May 2008 Paper # 681 Tribological performance of an Al-Si alloy lubricated in the boundary regime with zinc dialkyldithiophosphate and molybdenum dithiocarbamate additives Xia, X; Morina, A; Neville, A; Priest, M; Roshan, R; Warrens, C P; Payne, M J Proceedings of the I MECH E Part J Journal of Engineering Tribology, Volume 222, Number 3, 2008 , pp. 305-314 Paper # 687 Friction and Wear Properties Study of Nanoparticles as Additive in Lubrication Oil Ta-Chuan Liu, James H Wang, Jerry T W Shei, Yuh-Yih Wu SAE Paper – 2006-32-0016 – 11/13/2006 Paper # 690 Tribological evaluation of aluminum and magnesium sheet forming at high temperature M D Hanna Wear 267 (2009) 1046–1050 Paper # 694 Exploring PVD Coatings for Cylinder Liner Applications Padma Kodali, Nicole Stahley SAE Paper – 2001-01-0573 – 03/05/2001 Paper # 701 Tribological characteristics of aluminum alloys sliding against steel lubricated by ammonium and imidazolium ionic liquids Jun Qu, Peter J Blau, Sheng Dai, Huimin Luo, Harry M Meyer III, John J Truhan Wear Volume 267, Issues 5-8, 15 June 2009, p. 1226-1231 Paper # 702 Engine Oil Effects on Friction and Wear Using 2.2l Direct Injection Diesel Engine Components for Bench Testing: Part 2–Tribology Bench Test Results and Surface Analyses Simon C Tung, Michael L McMillan, Hong Gao, Ewa A Bardasz SAE Paper – 2004-01-2005 – 06/08/2004 Paper # 703 Evaluating the role of spherical titanium oxide nanoparticles in reducing friction between two pieces of cast iron MJ Kao, CR Lin Journal of Alloys and Compounds Volume 483, Issues 1-2, 26 August 2009, p. 456-459 Paper # 704 Wear Processes in Low Speed Diesel Engines Cees Schenk, Jan Hengeveld, Kjeld Aabo Shell Global Solutions – OKTOBER 2003 ~ SCHIP en WERF de ZEE Paper # 705 Test Method to Evaluate Cylinder Liner-Piston Ring Coatings for Advanced Heat Engines K C Radil NASA Technical Memorandum 107526 – ARL-MR-362 – May 1996 Paper # 706 Basic Mechanisms of Diesel Lubrication Correlation of Bench and Engine Tests A Cameron, JA Greenwood, AF Alliston-Greiner US Army R&D Contract No. DAJ 45 86 C0007 – March 1991 Paper # 709 Einige Gesetzmäßigkeiten über das tribologische Verhalten von ungefüllten und gefüllten TPU-Materialien (In German: Observations of the tribological behaviour of unfilled and filled TPU materials) István Gódor, Jürgen Schiffer, Florian Grün, Zoltán Major, Thomas Schwarz GfT Tribologie-Fachtagung – Gottingen 21-23 September 2009 Paper # 719 Additive Interactions and Depletion Processes in Fuel Efficient Engine Oils Milton D Johnson, Dr Stefan Korcek SAE Paper – 971694 – 05/1997 Paper # 720 An Investigation of Tribological Characteristics of Energy-Conserving Engine Oils Using a Reciprocating Bench Test Simon C Tung, Spyros I Tseregounis SAE Paper – 2000-01-1781 – 06/19/2000 Paper # 721 Assessment of Correlation Between Bench Wear Test Results and Engine Cylinder Wear, Short-Trip Service Simon C Tung, Shirley E Schwartz, Kevin B Brogan, Chris J Mettrick SAE Paper – 2000-01-2947 – 10/16/2000 Paper # 724 Effects of Aging on Frictional Properties of Fuel Efficient Engine Oils Milton D Johnson, Ronald K Jensen, Erin M Clausing, Kurt Schriewer, Stefan Korcek SAE Paper – 952532 – 10/01/1995 Paper # 725 The potential of plasma electrolytic oxidized eutectic aluminium-silicon alloy as a cylinder wall surface for lightweight engine blocks K Mistry, M Priest, S Shrestha Proceedings of the I MECH E Part J Journal of Engineering Tribology, Volume 224, Number J2, 2010, pp. 221-229 Paper # 727 Application of ?nite element simulations for data reduction of experimental friction tests on rubber–metal contacts J M Bielsa, M Canales, F J Mart?nez, M A Jimenez Tribology International 43 (2010) 785 –795 Paper # 730 Chemical and mechanical analysis of tribofilms formed from fully formulated oils Part 2 Films on AlSi alloy (A383) G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, YR Li, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, PR Norton, M Abrecht, P Gilbert, T Regier, YF Hu, L Zuin Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 1, Number 2, June 2007, 105-112(8) Paper # 731 Improved mixed and boundary lubrication with glycerol-diamond technology M De Barros Bouchet, C Matta, T Le-Mogne, J Michel Martin, T Sagawa, S Okuda, S, M Kano Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2007, 28-32(5) Paper # 732 Chemical and mechanical analysis of tribofilms from fully formulated oils Part 1 Films on 52100 steel G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, YR Li, M Kasrai, GM Bancroft, PR Norton, M Abrecht, P Gilbert, T Regier, YF Hu, L Zuin Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2007, 48-61(14) Paper # 734 Nanoscale chemistry and mechanical properties of tribofilms on AlSi alloy (A383): interaction of ZDDP, calcium detergent and molybdenum friction modifier G Pereira, A Lachenwitzer, D Munoz-Paniagua, M Kasrai, PR Norton, TW Capehart, TA Perry, YT Cheng Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2007, 4-17(14) Paper # 736 Consideration of Test Parameters in Reciprocating Tribometers Used to Replicate Ring-On-Liner Contact PM Lee, RJ Chittenden Tribology Letters (On-line) 31 March 2010 Paper # 737 Piston ring tribology – A literature survey P Andersson, J Tamminen, C-E Sandström VTT Research Notes 2178 December 2002 Paper # 739 Using the Energy Pulse Concept for Designing Better Wear Tests Alliston-Greiner A F IRG WOEM OECD Paper 21-1 Paper # 741 Pin-on-Twin Reciprocating Scuffing Initiation Test P J Blau ORNL Tribology Research Paper # 752 Effects of Chlorinated Paraffin and ZDDP Concentrations on Boundary Lubrication Properties of Mineral and Soybean Oils SJ Asadauskas, G Biresaw Tribology Letters 2010 Volume 37, Number 2, 111-121 Paper # 753 Effects of Different Solid Lubricants on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Al2O3/ZrO2 Nanocomposites SH Kim, SH Cho, SP Hannula Materials Science Forum 2010 Volume 658 p. 404-407 Paper # 756 Elucidating the microstructure and wear behavior of tungsten carbide multi-pass cladding on AISI 1050 steel YC Lin Journal of Materials Processing Technology 2010 Volume 210, Issue 2, p. 219-225 Paper # 758 Evaluation of morphology and deposits on worn polyimide/graphite composite surfaces by contact-mode AFM P Samyn, G Schoukens Wear 2010 Volume 270, Issues 1-2, p. 57-72 Paper # 763 Friction and wear characteristics of WC-Co cemented carbides in dry reciprocating sliding contact K Bonny, P De Baets, Y Perez, J Vleugels, B Lauwers Wear 2010 Volume 268, Issues 11-12, p. 1504-1517 Paper # 765 Influence of electrical discharge machining on sliding friction and wear of WC-Ni cemented carbide K Bonny, P De Baets, J Van Wittenberghe Tribology International 2010 Volume 43, Issue 12, p. 2333-2344 Paper # 766 Influence of Surface Finishing Operations on the Reciprocating Sliding Friction and Wear Response of WC Based Cemented Carbides K Bonny, P Baets, W Ost, S Huang, J Vleugels Advanced Tribology 2010 2010, Part 3, II, p. 435-436 Paper # 768 Mapping microstructure inhomogeneity using electron backscatter diffraction in 316L stainless steel subjected to hot plane strain compression tests L Sun, MJ Thomas, BP Wynne Materials Science and Technology 2010 Volume 26, Number 12, p. 1477-1486 Paper # 771 Micro to nanoscale surface morphology and friction response of tribological polyimide surfaces P Samyn, G Schoukens Applied Surface Science 2010 Volume 256, Issue 11, p. 3394-3408 Paper # 774 Miscellaneous additives and vegetable oils J Crawford, A Psaila Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants 2010, Part 2, p. 189-211 Paper # 782 Resolving the Chemical Variation of Phosphates in Thin ZDDP Tribofilms by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Using Synchrotron Radiation: Evidence for … JG Zhou, J Thompson, J Cutler, R Blyth, M Kasrai Tribology Letters 2010 Volume 39, Number 1, p. 101-107 Paper # 783 Role of internal additives in the friction and wear of carbon-fiber-reinforced polyimide P Samyn, P De Baets Journal of Applied Polymer Science 2010 Volume 116, Issue 2, p. 1146–1156 Paper # 786 Study of silane-based antiwear additives: Wear and chemistry LG Yu, ES Yamaguchi, M Kasrai Tribology International Volume 44, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 692-701 Paper # 787 Surface finishing: Impact on tribological characteristics of WC-Co hardmetals K Bonny, P De Baets, J Quintelier, J Vleugels Tribology International 2010 Volume 43, Issues 1-2, p. 40-54 Paper # 795 Tribological behavior of wire-EDM’ed ZrO2-composites and cemented carbides P Delgado, K Bonny, O Malek Sustainable Construction and Design, Day of Research 2010, Volume 1, p. 68-72 Paper # 796 Tribological behaviour of alternate hypereutectic AlSi alloys with different antiwear additives ANK Jadoon Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces 2010, Volume 4, Number 2, p. 61-73 Paper # 797 Tribological behaviour of die tool materials used for die compaction in powder metallurgy W Li, PJ Blau, J Qu, SJ Park Powder Metallurgy 2010, Volume 53, Number 3, p. 251-259 Paper # 805 Unravelling the chemical mysteries of ZDDP tribofilms using variable photon-energy X-ray photon spectroscopy JG Zhou, J Thompson, J Cutler, R Blyth Canada Light Source Inc 2010 Research Report Paper # 815 Correlated wear measurements using gold implantation, backscattering, nuclear activation analysis and profilometry D Shakhvorostov, A Lachenwitzer, L Coatsworth Tribology International Volume 44, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 737-750 Paper # 828 Tribometer Investigation of the Frictional Response of Piston Rings when Lubricated with the Separated Phases of Lubricant Contaminated with the Gasoline Engine Biofuel Ethanol and Water PR De Silva, M Priest, PM Lee, RC Coy Tribology Letters Volume 43, Number 2, 107-120 Paper # 829 A Study on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Hot Pressed Al2O3/ZrO2/h-BN/TiO2 Composites HH Lee, SH Kim, B Joshi Materials Science Forum (Volume 695) Eco-Materials Processing and Design XII Pages 417-420 Paper # 830 Calcium sulphonate and its interactions with ZDDP on both aluminium-silicon and model silicon surfaces M Burkinshaw, A Neville, A Morina Tribology International Volume 46, Issue 1, February 2012, Pages 41-51 Paper # 831 Challenges of simulating fired engine ring-liner oil additive/surface interactions in ring-liner bench tribometer A Morina, PM Lee, M Priest Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 5, Number 1, March 2011 , pp. 25-33 Paper # 832 Characterization of various coatings in terms of friction and wear for internal combustion engine piston rings A Guermat, G Monteil Mechanika Volume 17, No 6 (2011) Paper # 833 Dry sliding friction and wear response of WC-Co hardmetal pairs in linearly reciprocating and rotating contact Y Perez Delgado, K Bonny, P De Baets University of Ghent, Sustainable Construction and Design 2011, Pages 12 to 18 Paper # 835 Effect of base oil lubrication in comparison with non-lubricated sliding in diamond-like carbon contacts I Velkavrh Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 5, Number 2, June 2011 , pp. 53-58 Paper # 837 Effects of Fabricated Method on the Coefficient of Friction of Al2O3-15 wt% ZrO2-3 wt% Solid Lubricant Composites SH Kim, ME Cura, O Söderberg Materials Science Forum (Volume 695) Eco-Materials Processing and Design XII Pages 231-234 Paper # 840 Experimental Analysis of Nanomechanics of Spherical Titanium Oxide Nanooils in Reducing Friction MJ Kao Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 11, Number 8, August 2011 , pp. 7281-7284 Paper # 841 Fabrication of TiO2 Nano-Oils by a Plasma Arc Nanoparticles Synthesis System MJ Kao, CC Yu Materials and Manufacturing Processes Volume 26, Issue 11, 2011 Paper # 842 Impact of wire-EDM on dry sliding friction and wear of WC-based and ZrO2-based composites Y Perez Delgado, K Bonny, P De Baets, PD Neis Wear Volume 271, Issues 9-10, 29 July 2011, Pages 1951-1961 Paper # 845 Investigation of the interactions between a novel, organic anti-wear additive, ZDDP and overbased calcium sulphonate A Greenall, A Neville, A Morina Tribology International Volume 46, Issue 1, February 2012, Pages 52-61 Paper # 849 Role of friction modifiers on the tribological performance of hypereutectic Al-Si alloy lubricated in boundary conditions A Morina, X Xia, A Neville, M Priest Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology June 2011 vol. 225 no. 6 Pages 369-378 Paper # 850 Study of Lubricity Characteristics of Non-Edible Vegetable based Bio-lubricant and Low SAP Engine Lubricants D Singh, AK Singh, N Singh Indian Institute of Petroleum 12-Sep-2011 Paper # 851 Surface engineering to improve the durability and lubricity of Ti-6Al-4V alloy DG Bansal, OL Eryilmaz Wear Volume 271, Issues 9-10, 29 July 2011, Pages 2006-2015 Paper # 853 Tribometer investigation of the frictional response of piston rings with lubricant contaminated with the gasoline engine biofuel ethanol and water PR De Silva, M Priest, PM Lee Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology June 2011 vol. 225 no. 6 Pages 347-358 Paper # 854 Using TiODN2/DN nanofluid additive for engine lubrication oil YY Wu Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Volume 63, Number 6, 2011 , pp. 440-445 Paper # 858 Applicability of ring-on-disc and pin-on-plate test methods for Cu–steel and Al–steel systems for large area conformal contacts F Grün, I Gódor, R Bertram Lubrication Science – Available online: 21 May 2012 Paper # 859 Comparison of the effects of the lubricant-molecule chain length and the viscosity on the friction and wear of diamond-like-carbon coatings and steel I Velkavrh, M Kalin Tribology International Volume 50, June 2012, Pages 57–65 Paper # 860 Dry Sliding Friction and Wear Behaviour of an Electron Beam Melted Hypereutectic Al–Si Alloy JC Walker, J Murray, S Narania, AT Clare Tribology Letters January 2012, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 49-58 Paper # 862 Effects of the sliding conditions on the tribological behavior of atmospheric plasma sprayed Al2O3–15 wt.% ZrO2–CaF2 composite coating SH Kim, SP Hannula, SW Lee Surface and Coatings Technology Volume 210, 15 October 2012, Pages 127–134 Paper # 866 HVOF Coating of µ-WC-Metal Powder and Laser Heat-Treatment of the Coating for the Improvement of Turbo Shaft Material TY Cho, YK Joo, JH Yoon, HG Chun Advanced Materials Research (Volume 586) Pages 74-79 Paper # 868 Improving the performance of a proportional 4/3 water-hydraulic valve by using a diamond-like-carbon coating F Majdi?, I Velkavrh, M Kalin Wear – Available online 7 December 2012 Paper # 869 Improving the Properties of Magnetic Bearing Shaft Material by HVOF Coating of WC-Metal Powder and Laser Heat Treatment TY Cho, YK Joo, JH Yoon, HG Chun Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 560 – 561) Pages 1052-1058 Paper # 871 Lubrication of aluminium?silicon surfaces with ZDDP and detergents M Burkinshaw, A Neville, A Morina Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, Volume 6, Number 2, June 2012 , pp. 53-58(6) Paper # 874 Non-conventional inverse-Stribeck-curve behaviour and other characteristics of DLC coatings in all lubrication regimes M Kalin, I Velkavrh Wear Volume 297, Issues 1–2, 15 January 2013, Pages 911–918 Paper # 875 Oil-miscible and non-corrosive phosphonium-based ionic liquids as candidate lubricant additives B Yu, DG Bansal, J Qu, X Sun, H Luo, S Dai, PJ Blau Wear Volume 289, 15 June 2012, Pages 58–64 Paper # 877 Performance, Characterization and Design of Textured Surfaces B Podgornik, M Sedlacek Journal of Tribology October 2012 Volume 134, Issue 4 Paper # 879 Self-Lubricating Cold-Sprayed Coatings Utilizing Microscale Nickel-Encapsulated Hexagonal Boron Nitride LM Stark, I Smid, AE Segall, TJ Eden Tribology Transactions Volume 55, Issue 5, 2012 Paper # 882 The influence of start–stop transient velocity on the friction and wear behaviour of a hyper-eutectic Al–Si automotive alloy JC Walker, TJ Kamps, RJK Wood Wear – Available online 16 November 2012 Paper # 884 Tribological behavior of (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)99.5Si0.5 bulk metallic glass YC Lin, JN Chen Wear Volumes 280–281, 20 March 2012, Pages 5–14 Paper # 892 Simultaneous Film Thickness and Friction Measurement for a Piston Ring-Cylinder Contact E Y Avan, R S Mills, R S Dwyer-Joyce Proceedings of the STLE/ASME 2010 International Joint Tribology Conference IJTC2010, October 17-20, 2010, San Francisco, California, USA Paper # 897 Study of innovative surface modifications for Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy: assessment of wear and corrosion behaviour C Richard, G Manivasagam and J Landoulsi World Tribology Congress 2013 Torino, Italy, September 8 – 13, 2013 Paper # 899 A Non-invasive Approach for Piston Ring Film Thickness Measurement E Y Avan, R S Mills and R S Dwyer-Joyce World Tribology Congress 2013 Torino, Italy, September 8 – 13, 2013 Paper # 901 The Tribological Characteristics of ZDDP, Detergent and an Organic Antiwear Additive when Lubricating Ferrous and Aluminium-Silicon Surfaces M Burkinshaw, A Neville, A Morina, A Greenall and M Sutton World Tribology Congress 2013 Torino, Italy, September 8 – 13, 2013 Paper # 904 Lubricant Friction Modifier Performance Retention – Tribological Studies F J DeBlase and F A Corbo World Tribology Congress 2013 Torino, Italy, September 8 – 13, 2013 Paper # 906 Analysis of temperature effect on the wear mechanism of TPU-steel contact pair based on long-stroke tribotesting F. Javier Martínez, M Canales, N Alcalá and M A Jiménez World Tribology Congress 2013 Torino, Italy, September 8 – 13, 2013 Paper # 932 Tribological properties of composites of polyamide?6 and nanotubes of MoS2, and nanowires of MoO (3? x) and Mo6S2I8 JG Meier, A Mrzel, M Canales, Pilar Gonzalvo, Noelia Alcala Physica Status Solidi Volume 210, Issue 11, pages 2307–2313, November 2013 Paper # 933 Characterization of Tribofilms Generated from Serpentine and Commercial Oil Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy F Zhao, M Kasrai, TK Sham, Z Bai Tribology Letters May 2013, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 287-297 Paper # 934 Interpreting the effects of interfacial chemistry on the tribology of diamond-like carbon coatings against steel in distilled water DC Sutton, G Limbert, B Burdett, RJK Wood Wear Volume 302, Issues 1–2, April–May 2013, Pages 918–928 Paper # 935 Comparison of an Oil-Miscible Ionic Liquid and ZDDP as a Lubricant Anti-Wear Additive J Qu, H Luo, M Chi, C Ma, PJ Blau, S Dai, MB Viola Tribology International Volume 71, March 2014, Pages 88–97 Paper # 936 The Effects of Biodiesel and Petro-Diesel on The Tribological Performance of Engine Components JC Tsai National Taiwan University of Science and Technology PhD 2013 Paper # 937 Tribological performance of engine oil blended with various diesel fuels YC Lin, TH Kan, JN Chen, JC Tsai, YY Ku, KW Lin Tribology Transactions Volume 56, Issue 6, 2013 Paper # 938 Interfacial Stress and Failure Analysis for Piston Ring Coatings under Dry Running Condition Y Guo, X Lu, W Li, T He Tribology Transactions Volume 56, Issue 6, 2013 Paper # 939 Experimental and numerical investigations of oil film formation and friction in a piston ring–liner contact EY Avan, A Spencer, RS Dwyer-Joyce, A Almqvist, R Larsson Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology February 2013 vol. 227 no. 2 126-140 Paper # 940 Synthesis and characterisation of rapeseed oil bio-lubricant–its effect on wear and frictional behaviour of piston ring–cylinder liner combination S Arumugam, G Sriram Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology January 2013 vol. 227 no. 1 3-15 Paper # 941 An experimental and numerical investigation of frictional losses and film thickness for four cylinder liner variants for a heavy duty diesel engine EY Avan, A Spencer, RS Dwyer-Joyce, A Almqvist, R Larsson Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology December 2013 vol. 227 no. 12 1319-1333 Paper # 942 The lubrication of both aluminium–silicon and model silicon surfaces with calcium sulphonate and an organic antiwear additive M Burkinshaw, A Neville, A Morina, M Sutton Tribology International Volume 67, November 2013, Pages 211–216 Paper # 943 Physical, chemical, and lubricant properties of Brassicaceae oil K Ratanapariyanuch, J Clancy, S Emami, J Cutler, M Reaney European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology Volume 115, Issue 9, pages 1005–1012, September 2013 Paper # 944 Effect of shaft roughness and pressure on friction of polymer bearings in water A Golchin,TD Nguyen, P De Baets, S Glavatskih, B Prakash Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology October 11, 2013 Paper # 945 Comparison of three laboratory tests to quantify mild wear rate J Zhang, E Yamaguchi, H Spikes Tribology Transactions Volume 56, Issue 6, 2013 Paper # 946 Effects of deep cryogenic treatment on the dry sliding wear performance of ferrous alloys R Thornton, T Slatter, H Ghadbeigi Wear Volume 305, Issues 1–2, 30 July 2013, Pages 177–191 Paper # 947 The Influence of Honed Surfaces on Metal-on-Metal Hip Joints D Choudhury, R Walker, A Shirvani, R Mootanah Japanese Tribology Society – Tribology Online, Vol. 8, No. 3, (2013) / 202 Paper # 948 Performance of honed surface profiles to artificial hip joints: An experimental investigation D Choudhury, R Walker, T Roy, S Paul, R Mootanah International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing Vol. 14, No. 10, pp. 1847-1853 October 2013 Paper # 949 Effects of combined diffusion treatments and cold working on the sliding friction and wear behavior of Ti–6Al–4V DG Bansal, M Kirkham, PJ Blau Wear Volume 302, Issues 1–2, April–May 2013, Pages 837–844 Paper # 950 Laser coating of aluminum alloy EN AW 6082-T651 with TiB2 and TiC: Microstructure and mechanical properties D Ravnikar, NB Dahotre, J Grum Applied Surface Science Volume 282, 1 October 2013, Pages 914–922 Paper # 968 Advanced Power-Cylinder Tribology Using A Dynamically Loaded Piston Ring on Cylinder Bore Tribometer OM Smith, A Michlberger, D Jayne, A Sammut SAE, 2014, papers.sae.org Paper # 970 Characterization of gasoline soot and comparison to diesel soot: Morphology, chemistry, and wear D Uy, MA Ford, DT Jayne, LP Haack, J Hangas Tribology International, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 971 Characterization of tribofilms derived from zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate and serpentine by X-ray absorption spectroscopy F Zhao, M Kasrai, TK Sham, Z Bai, D Zhao Tribology International, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 972 Comparison of the tribological behavior of steel–steel and Si< sub> 3 N< sub> 4–steel contacts in lubricants with ZDDP or ionic liquid Z Cai, HM Meyer, C Ma, M Chi, H Luo, J Qu Wear, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 978 Effects of Ethanol Contamination on Friction and Elastohydrodynamic Film Thickness of Engine Oils HL Costa, H Spikes Tribology Transactions, 2014, Taylor & Francis Paper # 980 Expanding the Development of More Durable Friction Modifiers with Sustained Friction-Reduction: Extended Tribological Studies and Oil-Aging F DeBlase, F Corbo, C Migdal SAE, 2014, papers.sae.org Paper # 982 Friction and Wear Mechanisms of 316L Stainless Steel in Dry Sliding Contact: Effect of Abrasive Particle Size A Jourani, S Bouvier Tribology Transactions, 2014, Taylor & Francis Paper # 983 Friction and wear properties of hot pressed (Ti, Cr) B2+ MoSi2composite in sliding against WC ball TSR Murthy, PK Limaye, JK Sonber, K Sairam International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 984 Friction reduction mechanisms in boundary lubricated W-doped DLC coatings L Yang, A Neville, A Brown, P Ransom, A Morina Tribology International, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 986 Impact of Boundary Lubrication Performance of Engine Oils on Friction at Piston Ring-Cylinder Liner Interface K Tamura, M Kasai, Y Nakamura, T Enomoto SAE, 2014, papers.sae.org Paper # 987 Influence of Hot Molding Parameters on Tribological and Wear Properties of a Friction Material H Nesrine, AL Cristol, D Najjar, R Elleuch Tribology Transactions, 2014, Taylor & Francis Paper # 989 Interactions of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings with Fully Formulated Engine Oils A Gangopadhyay, RJ Zdrodowski Tribology Transactions, 2014, Taylor & Francis Paper # 996 Microstructure and wear properties of silicide based coatings over Mo–30W alloy B Paul, PK Limaye, RC Hubli, AK Suri International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 998 Optimization of Reciprocating Friction and Wear Test Rig Operating Parameters for Segmented Piston Ring: Liner Assembly BM Sutaria, DV Bhatt Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Tribology and Engineering Systems, 2014, Springer Paper # 1000 Steel coating application for engine block bores by Plasma Transferred Wire Arc spraying process G Darut, H Liao, C Coddet, JM Bordes Surface and Coatings Technology, Elsevier Paper # 1006 ZDDP and its interactions with an organic antiwear additive on both aluminium–silicon and model silicon surfaces M Burkinshaw, A Neville, A Morina, M Sutton Tribology International, 2014, Elsevier Paper # 1011 An experimental and numerical investigation of frictional losses and film thickness for four cylinder liner variants for a heavy duty diesel engine Andrew Spencer, Emin Yusuf Avan, Andreas Almqvist, Rob S Dwyer-Joyce and Roland Larsson Proc IMechE Part J: Engineering Tribology, December 2013; vol. 227, 12: pp. 1319-1333 Paper # 1016 Effect of lubricant additives in rolling contact fatigue M Meheux, C Minfray, F Ville, T L Mogne, A A Lubrecht, J M Martin, H P Lieurade and G Thoquenne Proc IMechE Part J: Engineering Tribology, September 1, 2010; vol. 224, 9: pp. 947-955 Paper # 1017 Effect of oil temperature on tribological behavior of a lubricated steel? steel contact Z Cai, Y Zhou, J Qu Wear 2015 Paper # 1022 Experimental simulation of impact and sliding wear in the top piston ring groove of a gasoline engine D. J. W. Barrell, M Priest and C. M. Taylor Proc IMechE Part J: Engineering Tribology, March 1, 2004; vol. 218, 3: pp. 173-183 Paper # 1024 Friction and Wear Mechanisms of 316L Stainless Steel in Dry Sliding Contact: Effect of Abrasive Particle Size A Jourani, S Bouvier Tribology Transactions 2015 Paper # 1025 FTIR micro?reflectance absorption spectroscopic analysis of chemisorbed reaction films for tribological applications RB Choudhary, OS Tyagi, ON Anand Lubrication Science 2015 Paper # 1031 Mechanical and tribological properties of crystalline aluminum nitride coatings deposited on stainless steel by magnetron sputtering RK Choudhary, SC Mishra, P Mishra, PK Limaye Journal of Nuclear Materials 2015 Paper # 1036 Reproducing automotive engine scuffing using a lubricated reciprocating contact TJ Kamps, JC Walker, RJ Wood, PM Lee, AG Plint Wear 2015 Paper # 1038 Role of thermal, mechanical and oxidising treatment on structure and chemistry of carbon black and its impact on wear and friction M Patel, PB Aswath Tribology 2015 Paper # 1039 Squeeze film lubrication in piston rings and reciprocating contacts RI Taylor Proc IMechE Part J: Engineering Tribology, August 2015; vol. 229, 8: pp. 977-988 Paper # 1041 The monitoring of coating health by in situ luminescent layers Y He, SC Wang, FC Walsh, WS Li, L He, PAS Reed RSC Advances 2015 – pubs.rsc.org Paper # 1044 Tribological properties of ionic liquids as lubricants and additives. Part 1: Synergistic tribofilm formation between ionic liquids and tricresyl phosphate M F Fox and M Priest Proc IMechE Part J: Engineering Tribology, March 1, 2008; vol. 222, 3: pp. 291-303 Paper # 1049 Wear Processes in Low Speed Diesel Engines – The Role of Temperature and Pressure in Wear Processes in Low Speed Diesel Engines Werktuigbouw door Cees Schenk, Jan Hengeveld en Kjeld Aabo Royal Belgian Institute of Marine Engineers Paper # 1050 Oil?Soluble Polymer Brush?Grafted Nanoparticles as Effective Lubricant Additives for Friction and Wear Reduction RAE Wright, K Wang, J Qu Angewandte Chemie; 06-Jun-16 Paper # 1053 Characteristics and microstructure of newly designed Al–Zn-based alloys for the die-casting process SS Shin, KM Lim, IM Park Journal of Alloys and Compounds; Volume 671, 25 June 2016, Pages 517-526 Paper # 1054 Reciprocating sliding of polyester textile fabric composites along different fabric orientations Pieter Samyn Journal of Composite Materials, First Published 28 Jul 2016 Paper # 1062 Hardness characterisation of grey cast iron and its tribological performance in a contact lubricated with soybean oil Adli Bahari, Roger Lewis, Tom Slatter Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, First Published 5 Nov 2016 Paper # 1063 Electrostatic monitoring of wind turbine gearbox on oil-lubricated system Ruochen Liu, Hongfu Zuo, Jianzhong Sun, Ling Wang Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, First Published 9 Aug 2016 Paper # 1067 Self-lubricating Ni-P-MoS 2 composite coatings Y He, SC Wang, FC Walsh, YL Chiu Surface and Coatings Technology; Volume 307, Part A, 15 December 2016, Pages 926-934 Paper # 1069 Methodology of a statistical and DOE approach to the prediction of performance in tribology–A DLC boundary-lubrication case study K Simonovic, M Kalin Tribology International; Volume 101, September 2016, Pages 10-24 Paper # 1075 Tribological properties and thermomechanical analysis of unsaturated polyester fabric composite in oscillating line-contact sliding P Samyn Tribology International; Volume 99, July 2016, Pages 127-139 Paper # 1076 Friction behavior of a multi-interface system and improved performance by AlMgB 14–TiB 2–C and diamond-like-carbon coatings J Qu, PJ Blau, C Higdon, BA Cook Tribology International; Volume 99, July 2016, Pages 182-186 Paper # 1078 Synthesis and Application of Polymer Brush-Grafted Nanoparticles as Hydrogel Gelators and Lubricant Additives RAE Wright University of Tennessee; Theses and Dissertations 2016 Paper # 1079 Lubricating Composition Based on Aminated Compounds R Iovine, C Pizard US Patent Application 2016; US20160002559 Paper # 1080 Lubricant Composition Based On Metal Nanoparticles A Bouffet US Patent Application 2016; US20160075965 Paper # 1081 Fatty sorbitan ester based friction modifiers FJ DeBlase, CA Migdal, G Mulqueen US Patent Application 2016; US9296969 B2 Paper # 1082 High modulus wear resistant gray cast iron for piston ring applications HO Gekonde US Patent Application 2016; US9316313 B2 Paper # 1089 Correlating mechanical properties and anti-wear performance of tribofilms formed by ionic liquids, ZDDP and their combinations AK Landauer, WC Barnhill, J Qu Wear; Volumes 354-355, 15 May 2016, Pages 78-82 Paper # 1090 Effect of annealing temperature on microstructure, mechanical and tribological properties of nano-SiC reinforced Ni-P coatings Q Wang, M Callisti, J Greer, B McKay, TK Milickovic Wear; Volumes 356-357, 15 June 2016, Pages 86-93 Paper # 1091 Friction and wear mechanisms in boundary lubricated oxy-nitrided treated samples T Khan, Y Tamura, H Yamamoto, A Morina, A Neville Wear; Volumes 368-369, 15 December 2016, Pages 101-115 Paper # 1092 Scuffing mechanisms of EN-GJS 400-15 spheroidal graphite cast iron against a 52100 bearing steel in a PAO lubricated reciprocating contact T J Kamps, J C Walker, R J Wood, P M Lee, A G Plint Wear Volumes 376–377, Part B, 15 April 2017, Pages 1542–1551 Paper # 1096 In-situ stylus profilometer for a high frequency reciprocating tribometer TJA Kamps, J Walker, A G Plint Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties – Accepted Manuscript online 5 July 2017 Paper # 1100 Atom Probe Tomography Unveils Formation Mechanisms of Wear-Protective Tribofilms by ZDDP, Ionic Liquid, and Their Combination W Guo, Y Zhou, X Sang, DN Leonard ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces – 2017, 9 (27), pp 23152–23163 Paper # 1104 Combining DLC, Shot Blasting, Chemical Dip and Nano Fullerene Surface Treatments to Reduce Wear and Friction when Used with Bio-Lubricants in Automotive … J Carrell, T Slatter, U Little, R Lewis SAE International – Paper 2017-01-0878 Paper # 1105 Correlating Engine Dynamometer Fuel Economy to Time-Dependent Tribological Data in Friction Modifier Studies FJ DeBlase Surfactants in Tribology, Volume 5, 2017 Paper # 1110 Effect of hardness, microstructure, normal load and abrasive size on friction and on wear behaviour of 35NCD16 steel C Trevisiol, A Jourani, S Bouvier Wear – Volumes 388–389, 15 October 2017, Pages 101-111 Paper # 1112 Effect of martensite volume fraction and abrasive particles size on friction and wear behaviour of a low alloy steel C Trevisiol, A Jourani, S Bouvier Tribology International – Volume 113, September 2017, Pages 411-425 Paper # 1117 Experimentally derived friction model to evaluate the anti-wear and friction-modifier additives in steel and DLC contacts K Simonovic, M Kalin Tribology International – Volume 111, July 2017, Pages 116-137 Paper # 1118 Extraction and tribological investigation of top piston ring zone oil from a gasoline engine PM Lee, M Priest, MS Stark pure.york.ac.uk Paper # 1120 Friction and wear performance of functionally graded ductile iron for brake pads M Polajnar, M Kalin, I Thorbjornsson, JT Thorgrimsson Wear – Volumes 382–383, 15 July 2017, Pages 85-94 Paper # 1121 Friction and Wear Phenomena of Vegetable Oil–Based Lubricants with Additives at Severe Sliding Wear Conditions A Bahari, R Lewis, T Slatter Tribology Transactions – Published online: 10 March 2017 Paper # 1122 Friction and wear response of vegetable oils and their blends with mineral engine oil in a reciprocating sliding contact at severe contact conditions A Bahari, R Lewis, T Slatter IMechE Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology – Published online: 24 May 2017 Paper # 1124 Fuel consumption and friction benefits of low viscosity engine oils for heavy duty applications B Tormos, L Ramírez, J Johansson, M Björling … International, 2017 Paper # 1125 Improved Performance of Bio-lubricant By Nanoparticles Additives JO Abere etheses.whiterose.ac.uk Paper # 1126 In situ stylus profilometer for a high frequency reciprocating tribometer TJ Kamps, JC Walker, AG Plint Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties – 2017, Volume 5, Number 3 Paper # 1127 Influence on friction from piston ring design, cylinder liner roughness and lubricant properties M Söderfjäll, HM Herbst, R Larsson, A Almqvist Tribology International – Volume 116, December 2017, Pages 272-284 Paper # 1128 Interactive Effect between Organic Friction Modifiers and Additives on Friction at Metal Pushing V-belt CVT Components Y Onumata, H Zhao, C Wang, A Morina Tribology Transactions – Published online: 22 August 2017 Paper # 1139 Optimizing Engine Oils for Fuel Economy with Advanced Test Methods MC Kocsis, P Morgan, A Michlberger SAE International – Paper 2017-01-2348 Paper # 1142 Specific testing techniques in tribology: laboratory techniques for evaluating friction, wear, and lubrication S Achanta, D Drees Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation: A Handbook – 5 July 2017 Paper # 1145 The use of anisotropic texturing for control of directional friction P Lu, RJK Wood, MG Gee, L Wang, W Pfleging Tribology International – Volume 113, September 2017, Pages 169-181 Paper # 1147 Tribological behaviour of an electrochemical jet machined textured Al-Si automotive cylinder liner material JC Walker, TJ Kamps, JW Lam, J Mitchell-Smith Wear – Volumes 376–377, Part B, 15 April 2017, Pages 1611-1621 Paper # 1149 Tribological study of diesel piston skirt coatings in CJ-4 and PC-11 engine oils AH Shaw, J Qu, C Wang, RD England Wear – Volumes 376–377, Part B, 15 April 2017, Pages 1673-1681 Paper # 1151 Understanding Tribofilm Formation Mechanisms in Ionic Liquid Lubrication Y Zhou, DN Leonard, W Guo, J Qu Scientific Reports 7 – Article number: 8426 (2017) Paper # 1158 The effect of soot and diesel contamination on wear and friction of engine oil pump F Motamen Salehi, A Morina, A Neville Tribology International 115 (2017) 285–296 Paper # 1160 Investigation of the scuffing characteristics of candidate materials for heavy duty diesel fuel injectors Jun Qu, JJ Truhan, PJ Blau Tribology International 38 (2005) 381-390 Paper # 1166 Application of high performance composite polymers with steel counterparts in dry rolling/sliding contacts J Moder, F Grün, F Summer, M Kohlhauser Polymer Testing Volume 66, April 2018, Pages 371-382 Paper # 1167 A model for shear degradation of lithium soap grease at ambient temperature Y Zhou, R Bosman, PM Lugt Tribology Transactions Volume 61, 2018 – Issue 1 Paper # 1168 A Novel Surface Texture Shape for Directional Friction Control P Lu, RJK Wood, MG Gee, L Wang, W Pfleging Tribology Letters March 2018, 66:51 Paper # 1169 Benchscale Evaluation of Nanodiamond Oil Additives J Qu, A Shaw, S Lazarevic, BH West, D Leith OSTI.GOV 2018-06-01 Paper # 1170 Compatibility between Various Ionic Liquids and an Organic Friction Modifier as Lubricant Additives W Li, C Kumara, HM Meyer III, H Luo, J Qu Langmuir, 2018, 34 (36), pp 10711-10720 Paper # 1171 Contemporary challenges of soot build-up in IC engine and their tribological implications LB Abdulqadir, NF Mohd Nor, R Lewis Tribology – Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces Volume 12, 2018 – Issue 3 Paper # 1172 Effect of Martensite Morphology on Tribological Behaviour of a Low-Alloy Steel C Trevisiol, A Jourani, S Bouvier Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis ISSN 2192-9262 (Print) ISSN 2192-9270 (Online) Paper # 1173 Effect of microstructures with the same chemical composition and similar hardness levels on tribological behavior of a low alloy steel C Trevisiol, A Jourani, S Bouvier Tribology International Volume 127, November 2018, Pages 389-403 Paper # 1174 Effects of cylinder liner surface topography on friction and wear of liner-ring system at low temperature W Grabon, P Pawlus, S Wos, W Koszela Tribology International Volume 121, May 2018, Pages 148-160 Paper # 1175 Effects of ethanol content on cast iron cylinder wear in a flex-fuel internal combustion engine-A case study D dos Santos Filho, AP Tschiptschin, H Goldenstein Wear Volumes 406-407, 15 July 2018, Pages 105-117 Paper # 1176 Effects of Using Alternative Extreme Pressure (EP) and Anti-Wear (AW) Additives with Oxy-Nitrided Samples T Khan, S Koide, Y Tamura, H Yamamoto, A Morina Tribology Letters March 2018, 66:43 Paper # 1177 Experimental results of a hydrodynamic friction behaviour of a linear contact at low sliding velocity A Bouzana, A Guermat, F Belarifi – IOP Conference Series IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 295, conference 1 Paper # 1190 Friction and Wear Phenomena of Vegetable Oil-Based Lubricants with Additives at Severe Sliding Wear Conditions A Bahari, R Lewis, T Slatter Tribology Transactions Volume 61, 2018 – Issue 2 Paper # 1195 Hybrid Nanoparticles as Oil Lubricant Additives for Friction and Wear Reduction B Zhao, S Dai, J Qu, H Luo, B Armstrong, A Martini OSTI.GOV 2018-03-31 Paper # 1196 Impact of Fuel Contents on Tribological Performance of PAO Base Oil and ZDDP Y Zhou, W Li, B Stump, R Connatser, S Lazarevic, J Qu Lubricants 2018, Volume 6 Issue 3 Paper # 1197 Improved Lubricating Performance by Combining Oil-Soluble Hairy Silica Nanoparticles and an Ionic Liquid as an Additive for a Synthetic Base Oil BT Seymour, W Fu, RAE Wright, H Luo Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018, 10 (17), pp 15129-15139 Paper # 1198 Improvement of friction characteristics of cast aluminum-silicon alloy by laser shock peening J Park, I Yeo, I Jang, S Jeong Journal of Materials Processing Technology Volume 266, April 2019, Pages 283-291 Paper # 1200 Influence of low-temperature degradation on the wear characteristics of zirconia against polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network material Z Hao, Y Ma, W Liu, Y Meng, K Nakamura The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry Volume 120, Issue 4, October 2018, Pages 596-602 Paper # 1203 Interactive Effect between Organic Friction Modifiers and Additives on Friction at Metal Pushing V-Belt CVT Components Y Onumata, H Zhao, C Wang, A Morina Tribology Transactions Volume 61, 2018 – Issue 3 Paper # 1204 Lipophilic polymethacrylate ionic liquids as lubricant additives AP Bapat, R Erck, BT Seymour, B Zhao European Polymer Journal Volume 108, November 2018, Pages 38-47 Paper # 1211 Nano and microscale contact characteristics of tribofilms derived from fully formulated engine oil J Umer, N Morris, M Leighton, R Rahmani Tribology International Volume 131, March 2019, Pages 620-630 Paper # 1220 Surface and Interface Designs for Friction Control S Hsu, G Patakamuri, L Li Tribology Online 2018 ISSN : 1881-2198 Paper # 1221 Surface micro-texturing of the prosthetic femoral head to reduce friction & wear, chimera or reality? L Capitanu, LL Badita, C Tiganesteanu, V Florescu IJAIEM Volume 7, Issue 10, October 2018 Paper # 1224 Synthesis and tribological testing of poly (methyl methacrylate) particles containing encapsulated organic friction modifier K Mitchell, A Neville, GM Walker, MR Sutton Tribology International Volume 124, August 2018, Pages 124-133 Paper # 1229 Thermal analysis and tribological investigation on TPU and NBR elastomers applied to sealing applications B Pinedo, M Hadfield, I Tzanakis, M Conte Tribology International Volume 127, November 2018, Pages 24-36 Paper # 1231 Tribochemistry and Morphology of P-Based Antiwear Films A Dorgham, A Neville, A Morina – Advanced Analytical Methods in Tribology pp 159-214 Paper # 1235 Tribological behaviour of MoS2-based self-lubricating laser cladding for use in high temperature applications H Torres, T Vuchkov, MR Ripoll, B Prakash Tribology International Volume 126, October 2018, Pages 153-165 Paper # 1237 Tribological Interaction of Plasma-Functionalized Polytetrafluoroethylene Nanoparticles with ZDDP and Ionic Liquids V Sharma, J Johansson, RB Timmons, B Prakash Tribology Letters September 2018, 66:107 Paper # 1238 Water-lubricated behaviour of AISI 440C stainless steel and a DLC coating for an orbital hydraulic motor application E Strmonik, F Majdi, M Kalin Tribology International Volume 131, March 2019, Pages 128-136 Paper # 1242 Wear Properties and Scuffing Resistance of the Cr-Al2O3 Coated Piston Rings: The Effect of Convexity Position on Barrel Surface S Ma, W Chen, C Li, M Jin J. Tribol 141(2), 021301 (Oct 16, 2018) Paper # 1244 What is the effect of lipophilic polymeric ionic liquids on friction and wear? AP Bapat, R Erck, BT Seymour, B Zhao Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume 131, October 2018, Pages 150-155 Paper # 1254 Effects of Cast-Iron Surface Texturing on the Anti-Scuffing Performance under Starved Lubrication W Li, B Yu, B Ye, Y Shen, R Huang, F Du Materials, 2019 Paper # 1276 Tribological mechanisms involved in friction wood welding PH Cornuault, L Carpentier Tribology International, 2020 – Elsevier Paper # 1277 Effect of Martensite Morphology on Tribological Behaviour of a Low-Alloy Steel C Trevisiol, A Jourani, S Bouvier Metallography, Microstructure, and 2019 – Springer Paper # 1278 Tribology behaviour investigation of 3D printed polymers MM Hanon, M Kovács, L Zsidai International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 2019 Paper # 1279 Additin® RC 3502 New Organic Friction Modifier Additive M Moon Tribology & Lubrication Technology, 2019 Paper # 1280 Comparison of unidirectional and reciprocating tribometers in tests with MoDTC-containing oils under boundary lubrication R Balarini, GAS Diniz, FJ Profito, RM Souza Tribology International, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1281 Ratcheting wear of a cobalt-chromium alloy during reciprocated self-mated dry sliding PSG Cross, G Limbert, D Stewart, RJK Wood Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1282 Ionic liquids as oil additives for lubricating oxygen-diffusion case-hardened titanium H Duan, W Li, C Kumara, Y Jin, HM Meyer, H Luo Tribology 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1283 Water-lubricated behaviour of AISI 440C stainless steel and a DLC coating for an orbital hydraulic motor application E Strmčnik, F Majdič, M Kalin Tribology International, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1284 Influence of a Diamond-Like Carbon-Coated Mechanical Part on the Operation of an Orbital Hydraulic Motor in Water E Strmčnik, F Majdič, M Kalin Metals, 2019 Paper # 1285 Shape-preserving machining produces gradient nanolaminate medium entropy alloys with high strain hardening capability W Guo, Z Pei, X Sang, JD Poplawsky, S Bruschi, J Qu Acta Materialia, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1286 Synthesis and Properties of Electrodeposited Ni–Co/WS2 Nanocomposite Coatings Y He, S Wang, W Sun, PAS Reed, FC Walsh Coatings, 2019 Paper # 1287 Development of a Model Test System for a Piston Ring/Cylinder Liner-Contact with Focus on Near-to-Application Seizure Behaviour M Pusterhofer, F Summer, D Wuketich, F Grün Lubricants, 2019 Paper # 1288 Wear Properties and Scuffing Resistance of the Cr–Al2O3 Coated Piston Rings: The Effect of Convexity Position on Barrel Surface S Ma, W Chen, C Li, M Jin Journal of Tribology, 2019 Paper # 1289 Study on Tribological Behavior of Surface Micro-arc Oxidation 6061 Aluminum Alloy YC Lin, YH Chen IEEE 6th International Conference on 2019 Paper # 1290 Nano and microscale contact characteristics of tribofilms derived from fully formulated engine oil J Umer, N Morris, M Leighton, R Rahmani Tribology 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1291 Is more always better? Tribofilm evolution and tribological behavior impacted by the concentration of ZDDP, ionic liquid, and ZDDP-Ionic liquid combination Y Zhou, J Weber, MB Viola, J Qu Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1292 Dry and lubricated friction behaviour of thermal spray low carbon steel coatings: Effect of oxidational wear M Lou, DR White, A Banerji, AT Alpas Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1293 Különböző súrlódáscsökkentő kenőolaj-adalékok tribológiai hatásainak vizsgálata DÁ Tóth Műszaki Katonai Közlöny, 2019 Paper # 1294 Development of Low Viscosity 0W-16 Fuel-Saving Engine Oil using a Synergistic Optimization of an Innovative Base Oil and Performant Additives while Maintaining … UA Paula, C Mathieu, H Camille 2019 – sae.org Paper # 1295 DLC and Glycerol: Superlubricity in Rolling/Sliding Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication M Björling, Y Shi Tribology Letters, 2019 – Springer Paper # 1296 Improvement of friction characteristics of cast aluminum-silicon alloy by laser shock peening J Park, I Yeo, I Jang, S Jeong Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1326 A method for the assessment of the coefficient of friction of articular cartilage and a replacement biomaterial H Mahmood, D Eckold, I Stead, DET Shepherd Journal of the, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1327 Cold, clean and green: improving the efficiency and environmental impact of a cryogenic expander IMN Stead, A Roberts, DG Eckold IOP Conference Series, 2019 Paper # 1328 Galling resistance of nanostructured CVD tungsten/tungsten carbide coatings C Micallef, YN Zhuk, RJK Wood Surface Topography: Metrology, 2019 Paper # 1329 Influence of contact area on the sliding friction and wear behaviour of an electrochemical jet textured Al-Si alloy JC Walker, S Cinti, TJ Kamps, J Mitchell-Smith Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1330 Multifunctional Ti based carbonitride coatings for applications in severe environments CI Pruncu, A Vladescu, AC Parau, M Braic, KD Dearn Thin Solid Films, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1331 The effects of substrate dilution on the microstructure and wear resistance of PTA Cu-Al-Fe aluminium bronze coatings P Kucita, SC Wang, WS Li, RB Cook, MJ Starink Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1332 Towards a plastic engine: Low—temperature tribology of polymers in reciprocating sliding IMN Stead, DG Eckold, H Clarke, D Fennell, A Tsolakis Wear, 2019 – Elsevier Paper # 1333 Wear performance and characterisation of coatings for nuclear applications: WC-(W, Cr) 2C-Ni and hard chromium plate EH Williamson, M Gee, D Robertson, JF Watts Wear, 2019 – Elsevier
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