The TE 69 Load Scanner is based on modified version of a universal test instrument for tribological evaluation developed by Professors Sture Hogmark and Staffan Jacobson at Uppsala University, Department of Materials Science, Sweden. The key difference between the TE 69 and the original Uppsala design is that in the latter, motion is applied to only one sample, whereas in the TE 69, both samples are indexed, with the result that the applied load varies linearly with displacement.
In the standard test configuration, two elongated rod specimens are arranged in such a way that the contact spot moves along a contact path on each specimen, with each spot along this path on one specimen only making contact with one spot on the other specimen, and vice versa. The contact spot is the area over which the contact load is distributed.
• Load Scanner mode with crossed rod specimens and ramped load
• Constant Load mode with crossed rod specimens
• Pin on Plate mode with constant load
• Pin on Plate “Scratch Test” mode with ramped load
Test may be run as either single pass or with reciprocating motion.
Control and Data Acquisition
The TE 69 has PC based sequence programmable control and data acquisition. This is provided by COMPEND software running on a host PC, operating under Windows. Data is stored to hard disc in standard spread sheet compatible file formats (.csv or .tsv). A 16 bit high-speed data acquisition card is fitted as standard. The maximum data acquisition rate typically used is 2 kHz.
Tests are defined by a sequence of steps, each step containing set-point, data recording rates and alarm level information. Set-points may be adjusted by step change or ramp. The test sequence is followed unless interrupted by the operator or an alarm. Set-points may also be adjusted manually using on screen toggles.
Contact Geometry: Crossed Cylinder on Cylinder Crossed Flat on Flat Pin on Plate Indenter on Plate Test Modes: Load Scanner Mode with Crossed Rod Specimens Constant Load Mode with Crossed Rod Specimens Pin on Plate Mode with Constant Load Pin on Plate Scratch Test Mode with Ramped Load Maximum Load: 2000 N Tooling Clamps Unheated: 3.2 mm diameter and 12 mm diameter Tooling Clamps Heated: 3.2 mm diameter and 12 mm diameter Cylinder Length: 175 mm Wear Scar Length – Load Scanner: 100 mm Wear Scar Length – Pin on Plate: 75 mm Maximum Stage Travel: 75 mm (each) Maximum Sliding Speed: 0.1 m/s Maximum Repetition Rate: 0.3 Hz Lubricant Bath Temperature: Ambient to 250°C Upper Rod Specimen Temperature: Ambient to 600°C (dry tests only) Lower Rod Specimen Temperature: Ambient to 600°C (dry tests only) Traverse Actuators: Ball-screw actuator with brushless DC motor Load Actuator: Ball-screw actuator with brushless DC motor Dynamic Force: 700 N Static Force: 700 N Stroke: 100 mm Maximum Speed: Maximum Speed: 150 mm/s
Automatically Controlled Parameters
Load Rate of Loading Traverse Speed Bath Temperature (lubricated tests) Upper Specimen Temperature (dry tests) Lower Specimen Temperature (dry tests) Test Duration
Traverse Speed Load Stroke Displacement Friction Force Bath Temperature (lubricated tests) Upper Specimen Temperature (dry tests) Lower Specimen Temperature (dry tests) Number of Cycles Test Duration Friction Coefficient Sliding Distance
Electricity: 220/240V, single phase, 50 Hz, 3 kW 110/120 V, single phase, 60 Hz, 3 kW
ceramics coatings composite materials forming lubricants galling hardmetals machine tool slideway lubricants metal matrix composites mining applications pin on plate
Paper # 353 A New Universal Test for Tribological Evaluation Hogmark S, Jacobson S, Wänstrand O, Proceedings of the 21st IRG-OECD Meeting, Amsterdam, March 25-26, 1999 Paper # 354 The Uppsala Load-Scanner – An Update Hogmark S, Jacobson S, Wänstrand O, The Tribomaterials Group, Ångström Laboratory Uppsala University 2002 Paper # 377 Effect of Temperature on Friction and Galling of Laser Processed Norem 02 and Stellite 21 Persson D H E, Jacobson S, Hogmark S, Wear 255 (2003) 498 – 503 Paper # 726 Influence of surface roughness and coating type on the galling properties of coated forming tool steel B Podgornik, S Hogmark , O Sandberg Surface and Coatings Technology 184 (2004 )338 –348 Paper # 863 Failure mechanisms of a tungsten-modified hydrogenated amorphous carbon coating in load-scanning tests H Hetzner, J Schaufler, S Tremmel, K Durst Surface and Coatings Technology Volume 212, November 2012, Pages 46–54 Paper #1365 Amorphous Carbon Coatings for Sheet-Bulk Metal Forming Tools T Weikert, S Tremmel Industrial Colloquium of the Transregional Collaborative Research Centre 73 – 2020 – Springer
University of Erlangen Germany Sandvik UK
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